Arctic Climate Observations using Underwater Sound (ACOUS) is a joint U.S. and Russian program started in 1995. The main objective of ACOUS is to establish a long–term, real–time Arctic Ocean observing system using cabled moorings that integrate point measurements with acoustic remote sensing measurements.
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The remote sensing is used to monitor basin–scale changes in the ocean temperature and the thickness of the Arctic ice cover.
- Physical Oceanography Index
- P. N. Mikhalevsky, A. Gavrilov, and A. B. Baggeroer. The Transarctic Acoustic Propagation Experiment and climate monitoring in the Arctic. IEEE J. Oceanic Eng., 24:183–201, 1999.