William Knox D'Arcy (1849- 1917), English businessman and principal founder of the Iranian oil industry. Between 1882 and 1889, D'Arcy made a fortune in the gold industry of Mount Morgan, in Queensland, Australia. In 1900, D'Arcy was approached to finance a mineral exploration venture for oil in Persia. After numerous, expensive attempts had turned up only dry holes, oil was struck at Masjid-I-Sulaiman in 1908. In April 1909, the Anglo-Persian Oil Company (APOC) was founded and D'Arcy was appointed Director. The company would later become British Petroleum (BP), one of the world’s largest integrated oil corporations.
British Petroleum and William Knox D'Arcy (Dukes Wood Oil Museum)
D'Arcy, William Knox (1849 - 1917) (Australian Dictionary of Biography Online)
History of Mount Morgan: William Knox D'Arcy (Town of Mount Morgan Homepage)