Gottlieb Daimler (1834-1900), a German engineer and inventor, pioneered the development of the internal combustion engine and the modern automobile industry. Daimler’s improvements to the internal combustion engine, made with his colleague Wilhelm Maybachin the 1880s, was an impetus for the development of the modern automobile industry. Daimler and Maybach concentrated on producing the first lightweight, high-speed engine to run on gasoline. They eventually developed an engine with a surface carburetor, to vaporize the fuel and mix it with air, producing an explosion. Daimler and Maybach's engine reached 900 revolutions per minute (rpm), much greater power than previously capable by any engine. In 1889, they placed their engine into a horse-drawn carriage, which they drove at a speed of 11 miles per hour—and the first four-wheeled automobile was born. In the first international road race held between Paris and Rouen in 1894, only 15 of the 102 cars completed the course; Daimler engines powered all 15 successful cars. In 1890, Daimler founded the Daimler Motor Company in Cannstatt, Germany.