This is part of the Millennium Ecosystem Assessment report Ecosystems and Human Well-Being: Volume 1: Current State and Trends
First and foremost, we would like to thank the MA Condition and Trends Working Group for their hard work, and for all the stimulating discussions we had over the course of the project. Special thanks are also due to the MA Secretariat staff who worked tirelessly on this project:
Walter V. Reid—Director
Nicole Khi—Program Coordinator
Chan Wai Leng—Program Coordinator
Belinda Lim—Administrative Officer
Tasha Merican—Program Coordinator
Marcus J. Lee—Technical Support Unit Coordinator and MA Deputy Director
Ciara Raudsepp-Hearne—TSU Coordinator
Condition and Trends
Neville J. Ash—TSU Coordinator
Dale`ne du Plessis—Program Assistant
Mampiti Matete—TSU Coordinator
Elena Bennett—TSU Coordinator
Veronique Plocq-Fichelet—Program Administrator
Monika B. Zurek—TSU Coordinator
Pushpam Kumar—TSU Coordinator
Meenakshi Rathore—Program Coordinator
Henk Simons—TSU Coordinator
Engagement and Outreach
Christine Jalleh—Communications Officer
Nicolas Lucas—Engagement and Outreach Director
John Ehrmann—Lead Facilitator
Keisha-Maria Garcia—Research Assistant
Lori Han—Publications Manager
Sara Suriani—Conference Manager
Jillian Thonell—Data Coordinator
Emily Cooper, Elizabeth Wilson, Lina Cimarrusti
We would like to acknowledge the contributions of all of the authors of this book, and the support provided by their institutions that enabled their participation. We would like to thank the host organizations of the MA Technical Support Units— WorldFish Center (Malaysia); UNEP-World ConservationMonitoring Centre (United Kingdom); Institute of Economic Growth (India); National Institute of Public Health and the Environment (Netherlands); University of Pretoria (South Africa), U.N. Food and Agriculture Organization; World Resources Institute, Meridian Institute, and Center for Limnology of the University of Wisconsin-Madison (all in the United States); Scientific Committee on Problems of the Environment (France); and International Maize and Wheat Improvement Center (Mexico)—for the support they provided to the process.
We thank several individuals who played particularly critical roles: Linda Starke, Nigel Varty, and Lynn Newton for editing the report; Hyacinth Billings and Caroline Taylor for providing invaluable advice on the publication process; Maggie Powell for preparing the page design and all the Figures and Tables; Elizabeth Wilson for helping to proof the Figures and Tables; Carol Inskipp and Gill Bunting for checking chapter citations and references; and Ian May, Corinna Ravilious, and Simon Blythe for the preparation of numerous graphics and GIS-derived statistics. And we thank the other MA volunteers, the administrative staff of the host organizations, and colleagues in other organizations who were instrumental in facilitating the process: Mariana Sanchez Abregu, Isabelle Alegre, Adlai Amor, Emmanuelle Bournay, Herbert Caudill, Habiba Gitay, Helen Gray, Sherry Heileman, Norbert Henninger, Toshi Honda, Francisco Ingouville, Timothy Johnson, Humphrey Kagunda, Brygida Kubiak, Nicolas Lapham, Liz Levitt, Elaine Marshall, Christian Marx, Stephanie Moore, John Mukoza, Arivudai Nambi, Laurie Neville, Adrian Newton, Carolina Katz Reid, Liana Reilly, Philippe Rekacewicz, Carol Rosen, Anne Schram, Jeanne Sedgwick, Tang Siang Nee, Darrell Taylor, Tutti Tischler, Dan Tunstall, Woody Turner, Mark Valentine, Gillian Warltier, Elsie Ve´lez Whited, Kaveh Zahedi, and Mark Zimsky.
For technical assistance with figures and references in Chapter 13, we thank Natalia Ungelenk and Silvana Schott, and for their work in developing, applying, and constructing tables from the Gridded Rural-Urban Mapping Project, which was used not only in Chapter 27 but in several others as well, we would like to thank Francesca Pozzi, Greg Booma, Adam Storeygard, Bridget Anderson, Greg Yetman, and Lisa Lukang. Kai Lee, Terry McGee, and Priscilla Connolly deserve special mention for their review of Chapter 27, as does Maria Furhacker for her review of Chapter 15.
We thank the members of the MA Board and its chairs, Robert Watson and A.H. Zakri, the members of the MA Assessment Panel and its chairs, Angela Cropper and Harold Mooney, and the members of the MA Review Board and its chairs, Jose´ Sarukha´n and Anne Whyte, for their guidance and support for thisWorking Group. We also thank the current and previous Board Alternates: Ivar Baste, Jeroen Bordewijk, David Cooper, Carlos Corvalan, Nick Davidson, Lyle Glowka, Guo Risheng, Ju Hongbo, Ju Jin, xx Ecosystems and Human Well-being: Current State and Trends Kagumaho (Bob) Kakuyo, Melinda Kimble, Kanta Kumari, Stephen Lonergan, Charles Ian McNeill, Joseph Kalemani Mulongoy, Ndegwa Ndiang’ui, and Mohamed Maged Younes. We thank the past members of the MA Board whose contributions were instrumental in shaping the MA focus and process, including Philbert Brown, Gisbert Glaser, He Changchui, Richard Helmer, Yolanda Kakabadse, Yoriko Kawaguchi, Ann Kern, Roberto Lenton, Corinne Lepage, Hubert Markl, Arnulf Mu¨ller-Helbrecht, Seema Paul, Susan Pineda Mercado, Jan Plesnik, Peter Raven, Cristia´n Samper, Ola Smith, Dennis Tirpak, Alvaro Uman˜a, and Meryl Williams. We wish to also thank the members of the Exploratory Steering Committee that designed the MA project in 1999–2000. This group included a number of the current and past Board members, as well as Edward Ayensu, Daniel Claasen, Mark Collins, Andrew Dearing, Louise Fresco, Madhav Gadgil, Habiba Gitay, Zuzana Guziova, Calestous Juma, John Krebs, Jane Lubchenco, Jeffrey McNeely, Ndegwa Ndiang’ui, Janos Pasztor, Prabhu L. Pingali, Per Pinstrup-Andersen, and Jose´ Sarukha´n.We thank Ian Noble and Mingsarn Kaosa-ard for their contributions as members of the Assessment Panel during 2002.
We would particularly like to acknowledge the input of the hundreds of individuals, institutions, and governments (see list at www.MAweb.org) who reviewed drafts of the MA technical and synthesis reports. We also thank the thousands of researchers whose work is synthesized in this report. And we would like to acknowledge the support and guidance provided by the secretariats and the scientific and technical bodies of the Convention on Biological Diversity, the Ramsar Convention on Wetlands, the Convention to Combat Desertification, and the Convention on Migratory Species, which have helped to define the focus of the MA and of this report.
We also want to acknowledge the support of a large number of nongovernmental organizations and networks around the world that have assisted in outreach efforts: Alexandria University, Argentine Business Council for Sustainable Development, Asociacio ´n Ixacavaa (Costa Rica), Arab Media Forum for Environment and Development, Brazilian Business Council on Sustainable Development, Charles University (Czech Republic), Cambridge Conservation Forum, Chinese Academy of Sciences, European Environmental Agency, European Union of Science Journalists’ Associations, EIS-Africa (Burkina Faso), Forest Institute of the State of Sa˜o Paulo, Foro Ecolo´gico (Peru), Fridtjof Nansen Institute (Norway), Fundacio´ n Natura (Ecuador), Global Development Learning Network, Indonesian Biodiversity Foundation, Institute for Biodiversity Conservation and Research–Academy of Sciences of Bolivia, International Alliance of Indigenous Peoples of the Tropical Forests, IUCN office in Uzbekistan, IUCN Regional Offices for West Africa and South America, Permanent Inter-States Committee for Drought Control in the Sahel, Peruvian Society of Environmental Law, Probioandes (Peru), Professional Council of Environmental Analysts of Argentina, Regional Center AGRHYMET (Niger), Regional Environmental Centre for Central Asia, Resources and Research for Sustainable Development (Chile), Royal Society (United Kingdom), Stockholm University, Suez Canal University, Terra Nuova (Nicaragua), The Nature Conservancy (United States), United Nations University, University of Chile, University of the Philippines, World Assembly of Youth, World Business Council for Sustainable Development, WWF-Brazil, WWF-Italy, and WWF-US.
We are extremely grateful to the donors that provided major financial support for the MA and the MA Sub-global Assessments: Global Environment Facility; United Nations Foundation; David and Lucile Packard Foundation; World Bank; Consultative Group on International Agricultural Research; United Nations Environment Programme; Government of China; Ministry of Foreign Affairs of the Government of Norway; Kingdom of Saudi Arabia; and the Swedish International Biodiversity Programme. We also thank other organizations that provided financial support: Asia Pacific Network for Global Change Research; Association of Caribbean States; British High Commission, Trinidad & Tobago; Caixa Geral de Depo´sitos, Portugal; Canadian International Development Agency; Christensen Fund; Cropper Foundation, Environmental Management Authority of Trinidad and Tobago; Ford Foundation; Government of India; International Council for Science; International Development Research Centre; Island Resources Foundation; Japan Ministry of Environment; Laguna Lake Development Authority; Philippine Department of Environment and Natural Resources; Rockefeller Foundation; U.N. Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization; UNEP Division of Early Warning and Assessment; United Kingdom Department for Environment, Food and Rural Affairs; United States National Aeronautic and Space Administration; and Universidade de Coimbra, Portugal. Generous in-kind support has been provided by many other institutions (a full list is available at www .MAweb.org). The work to establish and design the MA was supported by grants from The Avina Group, The David and Lucile Packard Foundation, Global Environment Facility, Directorate for Nature Management of Norway, Swedish International Development Cooperation Authority, Summit Foundation, UNDP, UNEP, United Nations Foundation, United States Agency for International Development, Wallace Global Fund, and World Bank.
Disclaimer: This chapter is taken wholly from, or contains information that was originally written for the Millennium Ecosystem Assessment as published by the World Resources Institute. The content has not been modified by the Encyclopedia of Earth.
This is a chapter from Ecosystems and Human Well-Being: Volume 1: Current State and Trends.
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