Core Writing Team: Carlos Corvalan, Simon Hales, Anthony McMichael.
Extended Writing Team: Colin Butler, Diarmid Campbell-Lendrum, Ulisses Confalonieri, Kerstin Leitner, Nancy Lewis, Jonathan Patz, Karen Polson, Joel Scheraga, Alistair Woodward, Maged Younes and many MA authors.
Review Editors: José Sarukhán and Anne Whyte (co-chairs); Philip Weinstein and other members of the MA Board of Review Editors.
BSE bovine spongiform encephalopathy
CBD Convention on Biological Diversity
CEA cost-effectiveness analysis
CO2 carbon dioxide
DALY disability-adjusted life year
FAO Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations
GDP gross domestic product
MA Millennium Ecosystem Assessment
MDG Millennium Development Goal
NGO nongovernmental organization
OECD Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development
PCBs polychlorinated biphenyls
SARS severe acute respiratory syndrome
UNCCD United Nations Convention to Combat Desertification
Several figures used in this report were redrawn from figures included in the technical assessment reports in the chapters referenced in the figure captions. Preparation of several figures involved additional information as follows:
Figure SDM 1 – Harmful effects of ecosystem change on human health. The figure represents a synthesis of information on ecosystem health links from throughout the MA; most importantly from C14, R12, R16 and S11.
Figure 1.4 – Access to improved water and sanitation facilities globally. The source figures (C7 Fig 7.13 and 7.14) are based on World Health Organization and United Nations Children’s Fund, Global Water Supply and Sanitation Assessment 2000 Report, Geneva, World Health Organization – updated for 2002 using the WHO online database.
Figure 1.5 – Child mortality. The figure is based on the most recent child mortality statistics reported in the World Health Report 2005, Make every mother and child count, Geneva, World Health Organization, 2005.
Figure 1.6 – Percentage of households using solid fuel for cooking. The figure is based on data cited in R16, originally reported in the World Health Report 2002, Reducing risks, promoting healthy life, Geneva, World Health Organization, 2002.
Disclaimer: This chapter is taken wholly from, or contains information that was originally written for the Millennium Ecosystem Assessment as published by the World Health Organization. The content has not been modified by the Encyclopedia of Earth.
This is a chapter from Ecosystems and Human Well-being: Health Synthesis (full report).
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