This is part of the Millennium Ecosystem Assessment report Ecosystems and Human Well-being: Wetlands and Water.
Synthesis Team Co-chairs: C. Max Finlayson, Rebecca D’Cruz, Nick Davidson
Synthesis Team Members: Jacqueline Alder, Steve Cork, Rudolf de Groot, Christian Lévêque, G. Randy Milton, Garry Peterson, Dave Pritchard, Blake D. Ratner, Walter V. Reid, Carmen Revenga, María Rivera, Frederik Schutyser, Mark Siebentritt, Mishka Stuip, Rebecca Tharme
Contributing Authors: Stuart Butchart, Ellen Dieme-Amting, Habiba Gitay, Steve Raaymakers, Douglas Taylor
Extended Writing Team: MA Coordinating Lead Authors, Lead Authors, Contributing Authors, and Working Group Coordinators
Review Editors: José Sarukhán and Anne Whyte (Co-chairs) and MA Board of Review Editors
Abbreviations and Acronyms
CBD – Convention on Biological Diversity
COP – Conference of the Parties (of treaties)
DRIFT – Downstream Response to Imposed Flow Transformation
GRoWI – Global Review of Wetland Resources and Priorities for Wetland Inventory
ICZM – integrated coastal zone management
IRBM – integrated river basin management
IUCN – World Conservation Union
MA – Millennium Ecosystem Assessment
MDG – Millennium Development Goal
NGO – nongovernmental organization
OECD – Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development
RBO – river basin organization
STRP – Scientific and Technical Review Panel (of Ramsar)
UNCCD – United Nations Convention to Combat Desertification
UNEP – United Nations Environment Programme
WWF – World Wide Fund for Nature
Most Figures used in this report were redrawn from Figures included in the technical assessment reports in the chapters referenced in the Figure captions. Preparation of several Figures involved additional information as follows:
- This Figure has been adapted with permission from H.M. MacKay, P.J. Ashton, M. Neal, and A. Weaver, The Water Research Commission’s Investment Strategy for the Crosscutting Domain: Water in the Environment, WRC Report Number KV148/04 (Pretoria, South Africa: Water Research Commission, 2004).
- This Figure has been adapted with permission from B.D. Ratner, Dong Thanh Ha, Mam Kosal, Ayut Nissapa, and Somphanh Chanphengxay, Undervalued and Overlooked: Sustaining Rural Livelihoods through Better Governance of Wetlands, Studies and Review Series (Penang, Malaysia: World Fish Centre, 2004).
- The information was derived from Chapter 20 in MA Current State and Trends and supplemented with information from N. Meyers and J. Kent, Perverse Subsidies (Washington, DC: Island Press, 2001).
Disclaimer: This chapter is taken wholly from, or contains information that was originally written for the Millennium Ecosystem Assessment as published by the World Resources Institute. The content has not been modified by the Encyclopedia of Earth.
This is a chapter from Ecosystems and Human Well-being: Wetlands and Water (full report).
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