This article has been reviewed by the following Topic Editor: Tom Tietenberg
Environmental taxation involves a government-imposed charge that is designed to produce a desirable environmental outcome as well as to raise revenue. The most common example involves charges on pollutant emissions, but sometimes environmental taxation takes the form of a levy on polluting products (such as a tax on gas guzzling automobiles) or polluting activities (such as charging a special toll for driving on congested streets during periods of peak pollution concentrations).
Tom Tietenberg (Lead Author);Tom Tietenberg (Topic Editor) "Environmental taxation". In: Encyclopedia of Earth. Eds. Cutler J. Cleveland (Washington, D.C.: Environmental Information Coalition, National Council for Science and the Environment). [First published in the Encyclopedia of Earth February 5, 2009; Last revised Date February 5, 2009; Retrieved May 18, 2013 <http://www.eoearth.org/article/Environmental_taxation>