Philo Taylor Farnsworth (1906-1971), the American inventor of the cathode ray tube as well as other electronic inventions that removed all moving parts out of televisions, ushering in the modern television industry. Farnsworth is called "the father of television" for his invention of an early electronic television system, which he first visualized when he was in high school. He transmitted his first electronic television picture in 1927. Although he won an early patent for his image dissection tube, he lost later patent battles to RCA. He received some 160 patents during his career for many important inventions that played roles in the development of radar, the infrared night-light, the electron microscope, the baby incubator, the gastroscope, and the astronomical telescope.
Inventor Profile: Philo Taylor Farnsworth (National Inventors Hall of Fame)
Philo Farnsworth: U. S. Inventor (The Museum of Broadcast Communications)
TIME 100: Philo Farnsworth (TIME Magazine Online)