David S. Freeman, as an American civil servant, has led the development of many path-breaking energy and environmental programs. In doing so, he helped to shape public awareness, design numerous governmental institutions, and write many of the laws that define the framework for U.S. environmental and energy policy. He served as an advisor on energy and the environment to Presidents Johnson, Nixon, and Carter. In this capacity, he led the first inventory of federal government expenditures, directed the writing of the famous Ford Foundation report on energy, helped start the first major federal funding of solar energy projects, and helped shape the creation the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) (1970). He was Chairman of the Tennessee Valley Authority during the Carter administration (1978-81), where he initiated some important energy conservation programs. He also served as head of the Lower Colorado River Authority and Sacramento Municipal Utility District (SMUD).