Luigi Galvani (1737-1798), an Italian anatomist who discovered the relationship between electricity and animation in 1771. While dissecting a frog at a table where he had been conducting experiments with static electricity, Galvani touched an exposed sciatic nerve of the frog with his metal scalpel, which had picked up a charge. At that moment, he saw the dead frog's leg kick as if it were alive. He concluded that the twitching was evidence for the existence of "animal electricity", a theory later proved false by Volta. Nonetheless, Galvani had discovered the electrical nature of the nerve-muscle function, thus establishing the basis for the biological study of neurophysiology and neurology. Galvani's name survives in the Galvanic cell, the galvanometer, and in the word "galvanize".