Calouste Sarkis Gulbenkian (1869-1955), an Armenian oil magnate, art collector, and philanthropist who played an important role in the organization of the Royal Dutch-Shell Group and in the evolution of the international oil industry. He served as a liaison between American and Russian oil industries, helped launch the industry in the Persian Gulf, and was instrumental in helping the French gain access to oil in the Middle East for the first time. Gulbenkian was also involved in negotiations to divide the shares of the former Turkish Petroleum Company (now the Iraq Petroleum Company) into four major oil companies. From this initiative, he retained five percent of the capital, resulting in his nickname "Mr. Five Percent." The museum in Lisbon, Portugal that bears his name houses his entire collection of 6,800 art works.
The Collector: Calouste Sarkis Gulbenkian (Museo Calouste Gulbenkian)