The Interjurisdictional Fisheries Act of 1986 is a formula-based financial assistance program, with two overall purposes: (1) to promote and encourage State activities in support of the management of Interjurisdictional resources, and,(2) to promote the management of interjurisdictional fishery resources throughout their range.
Any state may, either directly or through an Interstate Commission, submit a research proposal that supports management of fishery resources that: (1) occur in waters under the jurisdiction of one or more States and in the Exclusive Economic Zone; (2) are managed under an interstate Fishery Management Plan; or (3) migrate between the waters under the jurisdiction of two or more States bordering on the Great Lakes.
Federal share of project costs may be granted up to 75 percent, or 90 percent, when States have adopted fishery regulations that are consistent with an Interstate or Federal fishery management plan for the species to which the study applies. Projects to restore resources damaged by natural resource disasters, or enforcement agreements of up to $25,000 with State management agencies, may be financed by 100 percent Federal funds. However, the 1992 statutory amendments required a 75/25 Federal-State split for disaster restoration projects. Also, Section 308(d) was amended in 1996 through Public Law 104-134 to allow the Secretary of Commerce more discretion to provide funding to persons engaged in commercial fishing who are harmed by resource disasters.
A large portion of the funds under the IJ and the AFC Acts are spent on obtaining catch and effort statistics and other fish stock assessment information. This information is used to support management decisions both at the State level and those required under the Magnuson-Stevens Fishery Conservation and Management Act.
See also environmental laws of United States Fish and Wildlife Service
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