it is part of the French Southern and Antarctic Lands. It is also considered part of the Îles Éparses (Scattered Islands or Scattered Islands in the Indian Ocean - Îles éparses de l'océan indien) which include Bassas da India, Europa Island, Glorioso Islands (Glorieuse), Juan de Nova Island, and Tromelin Island.
Named after a famous 15th century Spanish navigator and explorer, the island has been a French possession since 1897.
It has been exploited for its guano and phosphate.
Juan de Nova Island is a wildlife sanctuary for seabirds and sea turtles.
Presently a small military garrison oversees a meteorological station.
Geographic Coodinates: 17 03 S, 42 45 E
Area: 4.4 sq km
Coastline: 24.1 km
territorial sea: 12 nm
exclusive economic zone: 200 nm
continental shelf of 200-m depth or to the depth of exploitation
Terrain: low, flat, and sandy. The highest point is an unnamed location (10 m).
Natural Resources: fish, crayfish
Land Use: 90% forest, 10% other
Natural Hazard: subject to periodic cyclones
Source: Eric Gaba/Wikipedia