Lenoir, Jean Joseph Etienne
This article has been reviewed by the following Topic Editor: Peter Saundry
Jean Joseph Etienne Lenoir (1822-1900), a Belgian-born French engineer and inventor who produced the first practical internal combustion engine and an automobile by which it was powered. His engine consisted of a single cylinder with a storage battery (accumulator) for the electric ignition system. Its two-stroke cycle was operated by slide valves, and the engine was fuelled by coal gas. One of Lenoir's internal combustion engines first powered a road vehicle in 1863. However, because of improved designs by Nikolaus Otto and others, Lenoir's engine design was made obsolete after only approximately 500 were built.
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Cutler J. Cleveland (Lead Author);Peter Saundry (Topic Editor) "Lenoir, Jean Joseph Etienne". In: Encyclopedia of Earth. Eds. Cutler J. Cleveland (Washington, D.C.: Environmental Information Coalition, National Council for Science and the Environment). [First published in the Encyclopedia of Earth September 13, 2006; Last revised Date September 13, 2006; Retrieved May 19, 2013 <http://www.eoearth.org/article/Lenoir,_Jean_Joseph_Etienne>