Ignacy Lukasiewicz (1822-1882), a Polish inventor thought to be responsible for establishing the world’s first oil well in Bobrka near Krosno, Poland in 1854. Lukasiewicz developed a product called nafta (kerosene) in 1852, and one of the first kerosene lamps, powered by seep oil, in 1853. Lukasiewicz produced light from one of his kerosene lamps to a local hospital for an emergency surgery. It is not clear whether his kerosene lamp pre-dated that of American inventor Robert Dietz, who patented a similar product in 1859. The introduction of the kerosene lamp accelerated the substitution of kerosene for whale oil in lighting applications. As a fuel, whale oil had inferior properties for light production and had grown more expensive in the mid-nineteenth century due to depletion of whale stocks. Lukasiewicz is said to have built the world’s first oil refineries, located near Gorlice and Jaslo, Poland. Through these accomplishments, Lukasiewicz distinguished himself as one of the founders of the modern petroleum industry.