This article has been reviewed by the following Topic Editor: Peter Saundry
Peter Mitchell (1920-1992), an English chemist, was the 1978 Nobel Laureate in Chemistry for his contribution to the understanding of biological energy transfer through the formulation of the chemiosmotic theory. According to the chemiosmotic model, the stepwise transfer of electrons through electron carriers to oxygen results in the release of energy. This energy is used to pump protons across the inner mitochondrial membrane into the space between the inner and outer mitochondrial membranes.
Cutler J. Cleveland (Lead Author);Peter Saundry (Topic Editor) "Mitchell, Peter". In: Encyclopedia of Earth. Eds. Cutler J. Cleveland (Washington, D.C.: Environmental Information Coalition, National Council for Science and the Environment). [First published in the Encyclopedia of Earth August 18, 2006; Last revised Date August 18, 2006; Retrieved May 26, 2013 <http://www.eoearth.org/article/Mitchell,_Peter>