Sir Chandrasekhara Venkata Raman (1888-1970), an Indian physicist who won the 1930 Nobel Prize in Physics for his work on light scattering. He discovered that when a beam of light traverses a dust-free, transparent sample of a chemical compound, a small fraction of the light emerges in directions other than that of the incoming beam. Most of this scattered light is of unchanged wavelength; a small part, however, has wavelengths different from that of the incident light. This phenomenon is now called Raman scattering and is the result of the Raman effect. Raman contributed to the growth of many Indian research institutions in his time; he founded the Indian Journal of Physics and the Indian Academy of Sciences. He also trained hundreds of students who found important posts in universities and the government in India and Myanmar (Burma).