The Sea of Marmara has an overall salinity about two thirds of that of the average open sea of the world; however, it is strongly vertically stratified, with very high density, high salinity water at the bottom; and, low desity, low salinity water at the top. Bottom waters are so dense that they virtually do not circulate to the surface.
Sea of Marmara. Source: Demis
The Sea of Marmara is essentially an element of the border of Europe and Asia. Waters of the Sea of Marmara connect to the Aegean Sea via the Dardanelles, and connect to the Black Sea via the Bosphorus. The surface area of the Sea of Marmara is slightly over 13.200 square kilometers.
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