This article has been reviewed by the following Topic Editor: Peter Saundry
William Sturgeon (1783-1850), an English electrical engineer who designed and built the first practical electromagnet in 1825. He also invented the commutator for electric motors in 1832 and made the first moving-coil galvanometer in 1836. Sturgeon established the Annals of Electricity (1836), the first journal of its kind in Britain. Electromagnets played an important role in the development of the telegraph, the electric motor, and numerous other devices fundamental to modern technology.
Cutler J. Cleveland (Lead Author);Peter Saundry (Topic Editor) "Sturgeon, William". In: Encyclopedia of Earth. Eds. Cutler J. Cleveland (Washington, D.C.: Environmental Information Coalition, National Council for Science and the Environment). [First published in the Encyclopedia of Earth August 18, 2006; Last revised Date August 18, 2006; Retrieved June 19, 2013 <http://www.eoearth.org/article/Sturgeon,_William>