This article has been reviewed by the following Topic Editor: Michael Toffel
The phrase "triple bottom line" was coined by John Elkington, co-founder of the business consultancy SustainAbility, in his 1998 book Cannibals with Forks: the Triple Bottom Line of 21st Century Business. (ref Business and Sustainable Development: A Global Guide)
Managing a company against a triple bottom line implies that companies should consider not just financial outcomes--the traditional bottom line--but also environmental and social performance.
Wikipedia Triple Bottom Line article
Ralph Stuart (Lead Author);Michael Toffel (Topic Editor) "Triple bottom line". In: Encyclopedia of Earth. Eds. Cutler J. Cleveland (Washington, D.C.: Environmental Information Coalition, National Council for Science and the Environment). [First published in the Encyclopedia of Earth September 21, 2006; Last revised Date September 21, 2006; Retrieved May 21, 2013 <http://www.eoearth.org/article/Triple_bottom_line?topic=49721>