The Convention on Biological Diversity (CBD) is an international treaty that was adopted by most of the nations on earth at the 1992 Earth Summit in Rio de Janeiro. Its purpose was to frame a comprehensive strategy for "sustainable development"—meeting human needs while ensuring a healthy and viable world for future generations. The Convention on Biological Diversity set out commitments aimed at maintaining the world's ecological underpinnings as we go about the business of economic development. The Convention establishes three main goals: the conservation of biological diversity, the sustainable use of its components, and the fair and equitable sharing of the benefits from the use of genetic resources. The CBD was opened for signature on 5 June 1992 and entered into force on 29 December 1993.
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