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Founded in 1901, the National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) is a non-regulatory federal agency within the U.S. Commerce Department's Technology Administration. NIST's mission is to promote U.S. innovation and industrial competitiveness by advancing measurement science, standards, and technology in ways that enhance economic security and improve our quality of life. NIST develops technologies, measurement methods and standards that help U.S. companies compete in the global marketplace. Congress created NIST in 1901 at the start of the Industrial Revolution to provide the measurement and standards needed to resolve and prevent disputes over trade and to encourage standardization. That's why you can have confidence that a gallon of milk contains one gallon and that the electric meter at your house accurately gauges how much electricity you use.
Today NIST continues to develop measurements and standards needed by industry, and also develops technologies that help our nation remain prosperous. Companies can apply for co-funding to develop innovative new technologies. NIST also helps manufacturers improve their productivity through a nationwide network of assistance centers.
Disclaimer: The National Institute of Standards and Technology is the original source for some content in the Encyclopedia of Earth. The National Institute of Standards and Technology is listed as a content source on each article that uses such content. Topic editors and authors for the Encyclopedia of Earth may have edited this content or added new information. The use of information from the National Institute of Standards and Technology should not be construed as support for or endorsement by that organization for any new information added by Encyclopedia of Earth personnel, or for any editing of the original content.