Alan Meier is Senior Scientist at the Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory, United States. Dr. Meier earned degrees in chemistry, economics and a Ph.D. in energy and resources. Most of his research has dealt with understanding how energy is used and how it could be used more efficiently. His work relies heavily on field measurements of the energy use of buildings and equipment. About a decade ago, he began to study the energy consumption of “miscellaneous” equipment and, more recently, the energy use of appliances when they were switched off. This research sparked his interest in standby power and launched an unusually successful global effort to reduce standby power in all sorts of equipment. Dr. Meier has published over 100 papers and articles in journals, magazines and conference proceedings, mostly about energy efficiency. He founded the magazine, Home Energy, and served as Editor-in-Chief of the journal, Energy and Buildings. This book includes research undertaken while Dr. Meier was a Senior Energy Analyst at the International Energy Agency in Paris.