After receiving his Ph.D. in genetics at Cambridge University in 1972, Paul Hebert took up a Rutherford Fellowship at the University of Sydney. He returned to Canada in 1976, accepting a position at the University of Windsor where he was a professor in Biological Sciences and Director of the Great Lakes Institute. He moved to the University of Guelph in 1990 as Chair of the Department of Zoology. He has been a visiting professor at the Australian National University, the Czech Academy of Sciences, and the University of Adelaide. He has served as a member and chair of the NSERC Ecology and Evolution Grant selection Committee. He is a Fellow of the Royal Society of Canada, and holds a Canada Research Chair in Molecular Biodiversity. He also currently serves as Director of the Canadian Barcode of Life Network and the Biodiversity Institute of Ontario.