Dr. Rob Swart graduated from Delft University of Technology in 1980 as an environmental engineer. He received his Ph.D. on climate change risk management in 1994 at Amsterdam Free University, Earth Sciences Department. He has worked on international environmental problems since 1990, primarily at the National Institute of Public Health and the Environment (RIVM) (apart from 1983-1985 on natural hazards management in the Caribbean for the World Health Organization (WHO), in 1990 on climate change at the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA), and in 2002 on sustainable development issues at the Sustainable Development Research Institute in Vancouver, Canada, and in 2006, on integrated environmental assessment at the Institute for Environment and Sustainability of the European Union's Joint Research Centre in Ispra, Italy). He has been active for the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) since 1989 in the area of scenario development. From 1998-2002 he was Head of the IPCC Working Group III Technical Support Unit. Currently, he is manager of the European Topic Centre for Air and Climate Change (ETC/ACC) of the European Environment Agency (EEA). He is also a member of the Global Scenario Group coordinated by Stockholm Environment Institute.