Geography is the study of natural and human constructed phenomena from a spatial perspective. Geography has two main sub disciplines:
Human geography includes such subjects as demography, human settlements, transportation, recreation and tourism, resources, religion, social traditions, human migration, agriculture, urban systems, and economic activities
Physical geography is concerned with the study of the Earth’s atmosphere, biosphere, hydrosphere, and lithosphere from theoretical and applied viewpoints.
Sometimes the disciplines of human and physical geography combine knowledge to create a more holistic synthesis.
The Don Juan Pond in western Antarctica is the most saline water body on Earth, at approximately twelve to thirteen times the salinity level of other typical seas of the world....
MoroccoLast Updated on 2016-02-05 20:17:21Morocco is a nation of thirty-two million people in northern Africa, bordered by the North Atlantic Ocean and the Mediterranean Sea, between Algeria and Western Sahara.
It has a strategic location along Strait of Gibraltar, the narrow gateway between the Mediterranean Sea and the Atlantic Ocean opposite Spain. Morocco's northern coast and interior are mountainous (Rif Mountains and Atlas mountains) with large areas of bordering plateaus, intermontane valleys, and rich coastal plains.
The south and east of the country is dominated by the Sahara Desert. There are four enclaves on its Mediterranean coast which are administered by Spain, which Morocco contests.It also claims and administers Western Sahara whose sovereignty remains unresolved.
Morocco's major environmental issues include:
land degradation/desertification (soil erosion resulting from farming of marginal... More »
Europa IslandLast Updated on 2016-01-13 02:13:53Europa Island located in the southern Mozambique Channel, between Madagascar and Mozambique. Europa Island is about 100 kilometers (km) southeast of Bassas da India.
Europa, with 30 square kilometers (km2) of land area, is 6-7 km in diameter with a maximum altitude of 6 meters (m). Its shallow lagoon (generally 1 m deep) is open to the sea at one side, and covers about 900 hectares (ha), including some 700 ha of mangrove swamp that is particularly extensive to the south. The lagoon is almost entirely exposed at low tide, and supports sparse seagrass beds at its outflow. These are dominated by Thalassodendron and Halodule species. Another smaller lagoon supports a mixed vegetation. The rim of the atoll is a karst is also a quantity of exposed coral rock and extensive sand dunes and rubble to the southwest. Europa is estimated to have formed about 90,000 years ago. It is... More »
SyriaLast Updated on 2015-10-04 22:11:16Syria is a nation of about 22,000,000 people in the Middle East, bordering the Mediterranean Sea, between Lebanon and Turkey.
Its major environmental issues include:
Environmental damage from terrorist and military activity
Water pollution from raw sewage and petroleum refining wastes; and,
Inadequate potable water
Following World War I, France acquired a mandate over the northern portion of the former Ottoman Empire province of Syria. The French administered the area as Syria until granting it independence in 1946.
The new country lacked political stability, however, and experienced a series of military coups during its first decades.
Syria united with Egypt in February 1958 to form the United Arab Republic.
In September 1961, the two entities separated, and the Syrian Arab Republic... More »
CroatiaLast Updated on 2015-09-29 17:08:25Croatia is a nation of nearly four-and-a-half million people in southeastern Europe, bordering the Adriatic Sea, between Bosnia and Herzegovina and Slovenia.
Its major environmental issues include:
Air pollution (from metallurgical plants) and the resulting acid rain is damaging the forests;
Coastal water pollution from industrial and domestic waste; and
Landmine presence and reconstruction of infrastructure consequent to 1992-95 civil strife.
Croatia is susceptible to destructive seismic events.
Lands that today comprise Croatia were part of the Austro-Hungarian Empire until the close of World War I.
In 1918, the Croats, Serbs, and Slovenes formed a kingdom known after 1929 as Yugoslavia.
Following World War II, Yugoslavia became a federal independent Communist state under the strong hand of Marshal Tito.
Although Croatia declared its independence... More »
Adriatic SeaLast Updated on 2015-09-29 15:00:08The Adriatic Sea is a branch of the Mediterranean Sea lying between 2 (50,590 miles2). The Adriatic has a maximum depth of 1233 metres (m) and an average depth of 252 m; although north of a line from Zadar, Croatia to Pescara, Italy, it is less than 100 m deep. The northern end of the sea is the Gulf of Venice and its southern limit is the Strait of Ontranto.
By European standards, the Adriatic is both warm (surface water temperature ranges from 8-13oC in winter to 22-25oC in summer) and low in turbidity; correspondingly, this sea is a popular tourist destination.
Map of the Adriatic Sea basin. Source: Norman Einstein/Wikimeia Commons
True-color Moderate Resolution Imaging Spectroradiometer (MODIS) image from May 18, 2002. Source: NASA
The Adriatic coastline is heavily indented and includes many islands. As a result the coastline is... More »
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