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Environmental Literature, Art, Music

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The Roots of Preservation in America: Emerson, Thoreau, and the Hudson River School Last Updated on 2009-04-02 00:00:00 Lead Author: Max Oelschlaeger Most obviously, Ralph Waldo Emerson, Henry David Thoreau, and the Hudson River School helped shape an emerging national identity for America in the nineteenth century. Viewed collectively, their work articulated America’s “coming of age,” a nation in the process of discovering itself as distinct from Europe. The writings of Emerson and Thoreau with the landscape paintings of the Hudson River School offered nuanced interpretations of the unique relations of the American people to the land. Clearly Emerson and the Hudson River painters believed that Nature gave proof of God’s Providence for the new nation—a theme readily understood, given the religious history of the colonists. What is less obvious is the living legacy of the Hudson River School, Emerson, and Thoreau. The American preservation movement has no equal in... More »
Meadows, Donella H. Last Updated on 2009-01-15 16:02:35 Donella H. Meadows (1941-2001), an American environmental scientist and writer. She is best known for her role on the MIT team that produced the global computer model "World3" for the Club of Rome and provided the basis for The Limits to Growth (1972). This book, with Jay Forrester as a co-author, reported on a study of long-term global trends in population, economics, and the environment, sold millions of copies, and was translated into 30 languages. The Limits to Growth made headlines around the world, and began a debate about the limits of the Earth's capacity to support human economic expansion—a debate that continues to this day. Meadows was also the lead author of the twenty-year follow-up study, Beyond the Limits (1992), with original co-authors Dennis Meadows and Jørgen Randers. With Dennis Meadows she founded and coordinated INRIC, the International... More »
Leopold, Aldo Last Updated on 2008-11-17 20:20:28 This article is part of the Aldo Leopold Collection. Aldo Leopold's life and legacy defy easy categorization. He was trained as a forester, but Leopold’s work as an educator, philosopher, ecologist, and wilderness advocate is well-documented and his influence remains widely felt. A key figure in the conservation movement of the 20th century, he is best-known as the author of A Sand County Almanac, a slim volume of essays of his observations, experiences and thoughts about the relationship between humans and nature. The book was informed and inspired by his professional and personal experiences as a conservationist, including his family’s work to restore the health of a “worn-out” Wisconsin farm. Published posthumously in 1949, A Sand County Almanac has become an environmental classic and is a standard reading assignment in conservation, ecology and environmental science... More »
Tributes to Aldo Leopold Last Updated on 2008-09-10 13:44:03 Content Partners: The Wildlife Society (other articles), Wisconsin Society for Ornithology (other articles) and The Wilderness Society (other articles)Article Topics: Environmental ethics, Environmental literature, art, music, Environmental philosophy, Ecology, Forestry, Environmental and resource management and Environmental historyThis article has been reviewed and approved by the following Topic Editors: Cynthia Barakatt (other articles) and Craig Maier (other articles)Last Updated: September 2, 2008  This article is part of the Aldo Leopold Collection. Obituary by Paul L. Errington from The Journal of Wildlife Management. Vol. 12, No. 4 (Oct., 1948) pp. 341-350. Reprinted with permission. Paul L. Errington (1902-1962) studied at UW-Madison from 1929-1932, earning a PhD through research on northern bobwhite quail populations coordinated by... More »
A Sand County Almanac Last Updated on 2008-09-08 18:05:16 This article is part of the Aldo Leopold Collection. A Sand County Almanac was published a year after Aldo Leopold’s untimely death in 1948, yet 60 years later this slim book of “nature writing” essays continues to influence conversations about the proper relationships of people to each other and people to land. Like Henry David Thoreau’s Walden, A Sand County Almanac has transcended the field of nature writing to become a classic in the world literature. More than two million copies have been printed and it has been translated into 10 languages. It has become a standard reading assignment in ecology, conservation and environmental studies courses at colleges and universities everywhere.Through science, history, humor, and prose, Leopold uses A Sand County Almanac to communicate the fundamental connections between people and the natural world, with the hope that the readers will... More »