Botany is the field of basic biological science that focuses on the study and inquiry into the growth, form, structure and function, development, diversity, reproduction, evolution, and uses of plants; and their interactions within the biosphere. The term botany derives from the Latin botanicus and the Greek botane, both meaning plant or herb. The field is known also as plant science, phytology, or plant biology. Additional foci include plant physiology and metabolism, diseases, phycology and mycology, chemical properties, taxonomy and systematics, molecular biology, and paleobotany.
Botany traces its beginnings to human activity designed to identify edible, medicinal and poisonous plants. It is one of the earliest sciences.
The Burnt Cape is a limestone barren headland on the extreme northwest of the Northern Peninsula of Newfoundland, Canada. The prevailing harsh cold climate and calcareousSoils which are high in limestone content...
Poinsettia (Euphorbia pulcherrima) is a flowering plant endemic to Mexico (where it is known as Flor de Noche Buena, or the Christmas Eve flower), and which today is cultivated...
Sumatran lowland rainforestsLast Updated on 2013-05-24 at 00:32
The Sumatran lowland rainforests are one of the most diverse forests on Earth and also among the most threatened.
These forests contain comparable levels of More »
New Caledonia rainforestsLast Updated on 2013-05-23 at 18:36
The islands of New Caledonia contain some of the most distinctive plants in the world, with a large number of species, endemics, and an ancient character... More »
Eastern Miombo woodlandsLast Updated on 2013-05-22 at 21:56
Confined to the lower elevations of the Central African Plateau, the Eastern Miombo woodland ecoregion ranges from southern Tanzania to northern Mozambique and... More »
Balsam firLast Updated on 2013-05-22 at 21:48
This plant guide on the Balsam fir, Pinus balsamea L., was chiefly prepared and contributed by the U.S. Department of Agriculture's Natural Resources Conservation... More »
Valdivian temperate forestsLast Updated on 2013-05-22 at 01:13
The Valdivian temperate forests and the more hygrophilous vegetation of the Mediterranean area of central Chile, represent a true biogeographic island separated from... More »
Mesoamerican Gulf-Caribbean mangrovesLast Updated on 2013-05-21 at 15:19
The Mesoamerican Gulf-Caribbean mangroves occupy a long expanse of disjunctive coastal zone along the Caribbean Sea and Gulf of Mexico for portions of Central America and... More »