Botany is the field of basic biological science that focuses on the study and inquiry into the growth, form, structure and function, development, diversity, reproduction, evolution, and uses of plants; and their interactions within the biosphere. The term botany derives from the Latin botanicus and the Greek botane, both meaning plant or herb. The field is known also as plant science, phytology, or plant biology. Additional foci include plant physiology and metabolism, diseases, phycology and mycology, chemical properties, taxonomy and systematics, molecular biology, and paleobotany.
Botany traces its beginnings to human activity designed to identify edible, medicinal and poisonous plants. It is one of the earliest sciences.
The Burnt Cape is a limestone barren headland on the extreme northwest of the Northern Peninsula of Newfoundland, Canada. The prevailing harsh cold climate and calcareousSoils which are high in limestone content...
Poinsettia (Euphorbia pulcherrima) is a flowering plant endemic to Mexico (where it is known as Flor de Noche Buena, or the Christmas Eve flower), and which today is cultivated...
Panamanian dry forestsLast Updated on 2013-05-15 at 18:21
The Panamanian dry forests ecoregion occupies approximately 2,000 square miles of coastal and near-coastal areas on the Pacific side of Panama, around portions of the Bay of... More »
Kola Peninsula tundraLast Updated on 2013-05-15 at 15:42
The Kola Peninsula tundra is a ecoregion covering much of Kola Peninsula of Russia as well as some northern Scandinavian subcoastal areas along the Barents Sea.
The... More »
Gulf of St. LawrenceLast Updated on 2013-05-13 at 21:42
The Gulf of Saint Lawrence (in French: Golfe du Saint-Laurent), situated in southeastern Canada, is the most extensive estuary on Earth, having a volume of around 35,000 cubic... More »
Yucatán dry forestsLast Updated on 2013-05-05 at 15:17
Located on the northwest section of the Yucatán Peninsula of Mexico, the Yucatán dry forests ecoregion is generally flat with vegetation consisting of thorn scrub... More »
Madagascar dry deciduous forestsLast Updated on 2013-05-05 at 14:59
The Madagascar dry deciduous forests of western Madagascar are some of the world’s richest and most distinctive tropical dry forests. They are characterized by very high... More »