Egypt is a nation of eighty-four million people in north-Africa, it also controls the Sinai Peninsula, part of the Middle East and western-Asia. Thus, Egypt controls the only...
Trinity Site, New MexicoLast Updated on 2014-06-28 18:11:15
Trinity Site, Alamogordo Bombing Range, New Mexico ( 33°40'30.00"N, 106°28'30.00"W) was the site of the first atmospheric atomic bomb test which took place on July 16, 1945. The test was part of the federal government’s top-secret program, the Manhattan Project—the United States’ war-time effort to create the first atomic bomb—and was conducted and overseen by the Manhattan Engineer District (MED). The test took place less than three years after the first demonstration of a controlled fission chain reaction by Enrico Fermi at the University of Chicago, Illinois on December 2, 1942.
The Los Alamos Scientific Laboratory (LASL), under contract to the MED, was in charge of much of the planning and testing that led up to the test at the Trinity Site. The Scientific Director of the Manhattan Project, Julius Robert Oppenheimer, along with... More »
Danish StraitsLast Updated on 2013-05-28 00:00:00
The Danish Straits are the three sea channels between Denmark and Sweden connecting the Baltic Sea to the North Sea through the Kattegat and Skagerrak. The three chief sea passages are:
Storebælt (Great Belt); and,
Lillebælt (Little Belt).
Oresund is the eastern-most of the Danish Straits, separating the Danish island of Zealand (Sjaelland in Danish) from the Swedish mainland.
Denmark and Sweden were linked in prehistoric times—until 7000 years ago when rising sea levels accompanying the end of the Ice Age severed the dry-land connection between the two.
At its narrowest, between Helsingor'/Elsinor (Demark) and Helsingborg (Sweden), the Oresund is approximately 2.5 miles (4 kilometres). A ferry connects the two sides, but the construction of a tunnel is... More »
Strait of MalaccaLast Updated on 2013-05-16 00:00:00
The Strait of Malacca, located between Indonesia, Malaysia, and Singapore, links the Indian Ocean to the South China Sea and Persian Gulf. The length of the strait is about 800 kilometres. At its narrowest point in the Phillips Channel of the Singapore Strait, Malacca is only approximately 1.7 miles wide, creating a natural bottleneck, as well as potential for collisions, piracy, grounding, or water pollution, particularly for oil spills.
The International Hydrographic Organization defines the limits of the Strait of Malacca as shown by the dashed lines on the map below. However, for practical purposes, many include the Singapore Strait as part of Malacca.
Base map source: Demis
Importance for Oil Transportation
Malacca is the shortest sea route between Persian Gulf suppliers and the Asian markets—notably China, Japan, South Korea, and the... More »
Energy profile of Equatorial GuineaLast Updated on 2013-05-08 00:00:00
Equatorial Guinea became a significant oil and natural gas exporter with the discovery and development of large offshore oil reserves in the 1990s. As production increased, the country grew by an average real annual growth rate of 26.2 percent from 2001 to 2005, according to the World Bank.
Hydrocarbon production is the basis of the country's economy and consists of crude oil, condensate, natural gas plant liquids (NGPLs), and dry natural gas. According to the International Monetary Fund's latest data, the hydrocarbon sector represented over 90 percent of government revenue and about 98 percent of export earnings.
Equatorial Guinea's oil production has been declining, but the recent start-up of the Aseng oil and gas-condensate field is expected to revive liquids production in 2012.
Equatorial... More »
Petroleum crude oilLast Updated on 2011-09-14 00:00:00
Petroleum crude oil, or simply crude oil, is a naturally occurring, flammable and usually dark brown or greenish colored liquid found primarily in underground geological formations. Crude oil consists of a complex mixture of hydrocarbons of various molecular weights plus other chemical compounds.
Crude oil has been formed from compression and/or heating of ancient biomass, derived from naturally decaying biota; this process typically occurs at considerable subsurface depth beneath layers of sedimentary soils deposited over geologic time.
As of 2011, the top three crude oil producers are Saudi Arabia, Russia and the USA, each of which contributes roughly 13 percent of the world total production. Uses of crude oil include production of most of the fuels that humans use, but also feedstocks for manufacture of a vast array of pharmaceuticals, plastics and other synthetic products.
The... More »
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