Ornithology

Ornithology is the scientific discipline--it is, in fact, a branch of zoology--that investigates the natural history of birds and their classification.

The word ornithology derives from the Greek terms ornis or ornithos, ("bird"), and logos, ("rationale" or "explanation").

  • Geophony, Biophony, and Anthrophony Featured Article Geophony, Biophony, and Anthrophony Geophony, Biophony, and Anthrophony

    What do these words mean? Biophony is the melodic sound created by such organisms as frogs and birds; geophony, the composition of non-biological sounds like wind, rain and... More »

  • Emperor penguin Featured Article Emperor penguin Emperor penguin

    The Emperor penguin (scientific name: Aptenodytes forsteri G. R. Gray, 1844) is one of seventeen species of flightless birds in the family of penguins, and with the King penguin... More »

  • Macaroni penguin Featured Article Macaroni penguin Macaroni penguin

    The Macaroni penguin (scientific name: Eudyptes chrysolophus) is is one of seventeen species of flightless birds in the family of penguins. It is one of six "Crested... More »

  • Gentoo penguin Featured Article Gentoo penguin Gentoo penguin

    The Gentoo penguin (scientific name: Pygoscelis papua) is one of seventeen species of flightless birds in the family of penguins. It is one of three "Brush-tailed... More »

  • Oldest Known Wild Bird in U.S. Featured Article Oldest Known Wild Bird in U.S. Oldest Known Wild Bird in U.S.

    Oldest Known Wild Bird in U.S. Returns to Midway to Raise Chick The oldest known U.S. wild bird—a coyly conservative 60—is a new mother. The bird, a Laysan... More »

  • Wild Birds and Bird Influenza Featured News Article Wild Birds and Bird Influenza Wild Birds and Bird Influenza

    Research Suggests Wild Birds May Play a Role in the Spread of Bird Flu Wild migratory birds may indeed play a role in the spread of bird flu [influenza], also known as highly... More »

  • Wind turbine bird mortality Featured Article Wind turbine bird mortality Wind turbine bird mortality

    Wind turbine bird mortality is a by-product of large scale wind farms, which are increasingly promoted as an alternative to fossil fuel derived energy production. To adequately... More »

  • Big-crested penguin Featured Article Big-crested penguin Big-crested penguin

    Also called Erect-crested penguin. The Big-crested penguin (scientific name: Eudyptes sclateri) is one of seventeen species of flightless birds in the family of penguins. It is... More »

Recently Updated
Burrowing Owl Last Updated on 2014-06-29 17:15:07 Wikipedia Burrowing Owls (Athene cunicularia) are a curious and expressive species of owl. They are related to other species of small owl in the genus Athene (Little Owl, Spotted Owlet, and Forest Owlet) due to genetic and physical similarities, but are sometimes put in a genus of their own, Speotyto, due to their unique behavior. Burrowing Owls are largely terrestrial and are the only owls known for being diurnal and ground-loving. They can often be seen foraging around their burrows during the day, but they typically avoid midday heat and do their hunting at night.   The Burrowing Owl is also known for its various personalities, as depicted in photography of the bird. Athene cunicularia goes by various other colloquial names as well including: Billy Owl, Ground Owl, Long-Legged Owl, Prairie Owl, and Prairie Dog Owl.  Burrowing Owls in the... More »
Black-footed penguin Last Updated on 2014-06-20 17:13:50 Also known as the 'African Penguin' or 'Cape Penguin', and 'Jackass Penguin', the Black-footed penguin (scientific name: Spheniscus demersus) is one of seventeen species of flightless birds in the family of penguins (Spheniscidae). It is one of four co-called "Banded Penguins" in the genus Spheniscus, which also includes the Humboldt, Magellanic and Galapagos penguins.     Conservation Status   Scientific Classification Kingdom: Animalia (Animals) Phylum:--- Chordata Class:------ Aves (Birds) Order:-------- Sphenisciformes Family:-------- Spheniscidae (Penguins) Genus:--------- Spheniscus (Banded Penguins) Species:-------- Spheniscus demersus (Linnaeus, 1758) Like all penguins, the Black-footed penguin is... More »
Great penguins Last Updated on 2014-06-20 14:09:17 Scientific Classification Kingdom: Animalia Phylum:--- Chordata Class:------ Aves (Birds) Order:-------- Sphenisciformes Family:-------- Spheniscidae (Penguins) Genus:--------  Aptenodytes  (Great Penguins) Species: 1.  Aptenodytes forsteri G. R. Gray, 1844 (Emperor Penguin) 2. Aptenodytes patagonicus (King Penguin) The Great penguins (scientific name: Aptenodytes) are a genus of two penguin species within the penguin family of seventeen species - Emperor penguins (Aptenodytes forsteri) and King penguins (Aptenodytes patagonicus). Like all penguins, Great penguins are characterized by their erect posture, stiff wings, excellent swimming ability, awkward movement out of water, and coloring.The black backs and white fronts, make all penguins difficult to see when swimming, blending against the sea from above and the sky... More »
Ashmore and Cartier Islands Last Updated on 2014-06-19 16:38:22 Ashmore and Cartier Islands are uninhabited and protected islands and reefs in the Indian Ocean, midway between northwestern Australia and Timor island. Included are: Ashmore Reef 155.40 km2 (60 sq mi) area within reef (including lagoon) West Islet, 51,200 m² land area; Middle Islet, 21,200 m² land area; East Islet, 25,000 m² land area;   Cartier Reef (44.03 km² area within reef (including lagoon) Cartier Island, 17,000 m² land area; The Hiberian Reef, also part of Australia, is near by. The major environmental issues include: illegal killing of protected wildlife by traditional Indonesian fisherman, as well as overfishing by non-traditional Indonesian vessels, are ongoing problems . Islands are susceptible to surrounded by shoals and reefs that can pose maritime hazards. The islands came... More »
Endangered species of Uganda Last Updated on 2014-06-15 19:49:04 Endangered species of Uganda include a number of taxa identified by the Internation Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN). It should be noted that throughout the world there are only a small fraction of species adequately described and analyzed to articulate the totality of threatened species. Some estimates place the number of threatened species one to two orders of magnitude higher than IUCN lists, simply due to the large number of species that have not yet been described or analyzed. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species provides information on plants and animals that have evaluated against a number of criteria designed to determine their relative risk of extinction. Species for which their is sufficient data are ranked on a scale: Extinct (EX) Extinct in the Wild (EW) Critically Endangered (CR) Endangered (EN) Vulnerable (VU) Near Threatened (NT) Least Concern... More »