This section covers a wide range of organizations that govern, manage, study, advocate for, impact, educate about, and interact with the Earth's environments. Organizations operate at local, regional, national, international and global scales; and in the public and private sectors of society. Included are: governmental organizations like the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, United States; international bodies like the International Union for Conservation of Nature; educational organizations like the School for Field Studies; environmental organizations like the World Wildlife Fund; corporations, and research centers.
Humanity's relationship to the Earth's environments in modern times has been marked by periods of time when groups of individuals have come together around shared viewpoint on an environmental issue. They have expressed that view by taking action individually and as a community through outlets such as writings, philosophy and ethics, political action, and other kinds of behavior. Such movements are often marked by broad changes in attitudes toward society's relationship with nature and specific changes in law. Environmental movements are also often associated with scientific discovery and the changes in education about environmental issues. Certain individuals or events often come to be recognized as "catalytic" or "symbolic" of an environmental movement. Examples include: John Muir, his writings, and the founding of the Sierra Club in 1892; the publication of "Silent Spring" by Rachel Carlson in 1962; and the First Earth Day on April 22, 1970.
International Union for the Conservation of Nature and Natural Resources (IUCN)Last Updated on 2014-07-10 15:54:39
The IUCN is the world's largest conservation organization, bringing together 82 States, 111 government agencies, more than 800 non-governmental organizations (NGOs), and some 10,000 scientists and experts from 181 countries in a unique worldwide partnership.
The Union’s mission is to influence, encourage and assist societies throughout the world to conserve the integrity and diversity of nature and to ensure that any use of natural resources is equitable and ecologically sustainable.
Also known as the 'World Conservation Union' since 1990, the IUCN is a multicultural, multilingual organization with 1,000 staff located in 62 countries. Its headquarters are in Gland, Switzerland. The IUCN is currently divided into six commissions. These are:
a) Ecosystem Management
b) Education and Communication
c) Environmental, Economic and Social Policy
d)... More »
National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA), United StatesLast Updated on 2014-06-30 19:00:15
The National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA) is a federal agency within the United States Department of Commerce. As a science-based operational agency tasked with monitoring climate and changes in the environment, NOAA is responsible for the study of the atmosphere and the oceans. The agency issues daily weather forecasts and storm warnings, restores coastline, aids the flow of marine commerce, and manages fisheries. NOAA's activities facilitate weather- and climate-sensitive economic activity that account for roughly one-third of the country's gross domestic product (GDP). The agency also responds to natural and man-made maritime disasters, operates a complex network of oceanographic, meteorological and atmospheric data-collecting products and services, and manages marine mammals, marine endangered... More »
Organic farmingLast Updated on 2014-05-01 17:45:47Organic farming is a form of agriculture that relies on crop rotation, green manure, compost, biological pest control, and mechanical cultivation to maintain soil productivity and control pests, excluding or strictly limiting the use of synthetic fertilizers and synthetic pesticides, herbicides, plant growth regulators, livestock feed additives, and genetically modified organisms. Arguably, the term can be interpreted to include animal husbandry practices. Also, often there is confusion as to use of the term organic farming, especially since many food processors choose to use the term organic to induce consumers to purchase a food brand, even though all the standards of organic farming may not have been met.
Organic agricultural methods are regulated internationally and enforced legally by many nations, based in large part on the standards set by the International Federation of Organic... More »
American Meteorological SocietyLast Updated on 2011-11-27 00:00:00
The American Meteorological Society (AMS) promotes the development and dissemination of information and education on the atmospheric and related oceanic and hydrologic sciences and the advancement of their professional applications.
The AMS offers an array of undergraduate scholarships and graduate fellowships to students pursuing careers in the atmospheric and related oceanic and hydrologic sciences. It also administers two professional certification programs, the Certified Broadcast Meteorologist (CBM) and Certified Consulting Meteorologist (CCM) programs.
The AMS has a staff of 50 people headquartered in Boston, Massachusetts and also has another office in Washington, DC.
History of the AMS
The American Meteorological Society was founded in 1919 by Charles Franklin Brooks of the Blue Hill Observatory in Milton, Massachusetts. Its initial membership... More »
United Nations Development Programme (UNDP)Last Updated on 2011-06-17 00:00:00The United Nations Development Programme (UNDP), part of United Nations system, is a global development network that advocates for change and connects countries to knowledge, experience and resources to help people build a better life.
UNDP is on the ground in 166 countries, supporting local solutions to development challenges and developing national and local capacities that will help them achieve human development and the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs). Its work is concentrated on four main focus areas:
Poverty Reduction and Achievement of the MDGs
Crisis Prevention and Recovery
Environment and Energy for Sustainable Development
UNDP is based on the merging of the United Nations Expanded Programme of Technical Assistance, created in 1949, and the United Nations Special Fund, established in 1958. UNDP, as we know it now,... More »
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