Zoology is the study of all of the many forms of animal life. These forms range from microscopic planktonic species to the largest fauna that inhabit the seas and land. As a division of biology, the field of zoology involves the entirety of animal taxonomy or the familial tree of all fauna.
The discipline of zoological study encompasses animal locomotion, feeding behavior, social behavior, reproductive behavior, and all other animal species characteristics as well as morphology.
The term zoology derives from the Greek words zōon (or animal) and logos (or knowledge).
The image featured to the right hints at the wide diversity of animal life subject to the purview of zoology (Source: Wikimedia Commons).
The Diadem roundleaf bat (Scientific name:Hipposideros diadema) is an impressive sight amongst the trees of the rainforest; this large bat is a formidable hunter with a...
Malaysia Collection- Ecology and BiodiversityLast Updated on 2014-07-01 17:27:52The Malaysia Collection: Ecology and Biodiversity includes a variety of scientific articles on the ecoregions of Malaysia, as well as specific species articles. The following outline is a guide to the articles of this collection:
Borneo lowland rainforests
Borneo montane rainforests
Borneo peat swamp Fforests
Kinabalu montane alpine meadows
Myanmar coast mangroves
Peninsular Malaysian montane rainforests
Peninsular Malaysian peat swamp forests
Peninsular Malaysian rainforests
South China Sea Islands
Sunda Shelf mangroves
Tenasserim-South Thailand semi-evergreen rainforests
Biological diversity in Indo-Burma
Biological diversity in Sundaland
Malaysia - Forests, Grasslands, and Drylands Factsheet (WRI)
Forests of Borneo
Terrestrial mammals of Malaysia
Marine mammals of... More »
HerbivoreLast Updated on 2014-06-29 19:25:53A herbivore is an animal that obtains its energy and nutrients by feeding on plants. Different types of herbivores eat different plant parts. For example, folivores feed on leaves, frugivores feed on fruits, granivores feed on seeds, pollinivores feed on pollen, and nectarivores feed on nectar. Herbivores can vary greatly in size, ranging from the largest terrestrial animals (elephants) and large marine mammals such as manatees and dugongs, to small insects, nematodes, and thrips. Herbivores are primary consumers (they receive their energy by consuming primary producers), so they play an important trophic role in ecological communities and food webs.
Because mature leaves are low in nutrients, and difficult to digest because of their high cellulose content, animals use many different strategies to eat leaves. Animals that feed on grass leaves are generally... More »
Arctic species diversityLast Updated on 2014-06-20 16:40:50Arctic species diversity is generally low, and decreases from the boreal forests to the polar deserts of the extreme north. Only about three percent (approximately 5900 species) of the global flora (excluding algae ) occur in the Arctic north of the treeline. However, primitive plant species (mosses and lichens) are particularly abundant. Although the number of plant species in the Arctic is low in general, individual communities of small arctic plants have a diversity similar to or higher than those of boreal and temperate zones: there can be up to 25 species per square decimeter. Latitudinal gradients suggest that arctic plant diversity is sensitive to climate , and species number is least sensitive to temperature near the southern margin of the tundra. The temperature gradient that has such a strong influence on species diversity occurs over much shorter... More »
Fish sensesLast Updated on 2014-06-20 15:24:54Fish senses include a variety of mechanisms including light, chemicals, vibrations, and electricity. Successful faunal survival in any environment depends upon an organism's ability to acquire information from its environment through its senses. Fish have many of the same senses as humans; they can see, smell, touch, feel, and taste. Furthermore, they have developed some senses that humans lack, such as electroreception.
Photoreception, the ability to detect light, is necessary for vision. Fish have a very keen sense of vision, which helps them to find food, shelter, mates, and avoid predators. Fish vision is on par with human vision; many fish can see in color, and some can see in extremely dim light.
Fish eyes are different from human eyes. Their lenses are perfectly spherical, which enables them to see underwater because it has a higher refractive index to help them focus.... More »
Miguasha National Park, Quebec, CanadaLast Updated on 2014-06-20 14:56:50Miguasha National Park is a paleontological site on the southern coast of the Gaspé peninsula in southeastern Québec, Canada, is considered the most outstanding fossil site in the world for its picture of the Devonian Period Age of Fishes. The Upper Devonian Escuminac Formation there, dating from 370 million years ago, contains five of the six fossil fish groups known from the period and the highest number and best-preserved fossils of the lobe-finned fishes that gave rise to the first four-legged, air-breathing terrestrial vertebrates, the tetrapods.
Miguasha National Park (Parc National de Miguasha) was inscribed on the World Heritage List under Natural criterion viii. in the year 1999. Its IUCN Management Category is designated as a National Park.
Canadian Taiga (1.2.3)
On the southern coast of the Gaspé peninsula in southeastern... More »
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