Geography

Geography is the study of natural and human constructed phenomena from a spatial perspective. Geography has two main sub disciplines:

  • Human geography includes such subjects as demography, human settlements, transportation, recreation and tourism, resources, religion, social traditions, human migration, agriculture, urban systems, and economic activities
     
  • Physical geography  is concerned with the study of the Earth’s atmosphere, biosphere, hydrosphere, and lithosphere from theoretical and applied viewpoints.

Sometimes the disciplines of human and physical geography combine knowledge to create a more holistic synthesis.

  • Borneo peat swamp forests Featured Article Borneo peat swamp forests Borneo peat swamp forests

    WWF Terrestrial Ecoregions Collection Although the Borneo peat swamp forests are not as biodiverse as neighbouring lowland rainforests, the... More »

  • Terrestrial biome Featured Article Terrestrial biome Terrestrial biome

    Introduction Many places on Earth share similar climatic conditions despite being found in geographically different areas. As a result of natural selection, comparable... More »

  • English Channel Featured Article English Channel English Channel

    The English Channel is that saline water body that connects the North Sea to the Celtic Sea. It is bounded on the north by England and on the south by France. This water body... More »

  • Northern California coast Featured Article Northern California coast Northern California coast

    The Northern California coast section encompasses diverse topography including mountains, hills, valleys and plains in the Northern California Coast Ranges and small parts of... More »

  • Sea of the Hebrides Featured Article Sea of the Hebrides Sea of the Hebrides

    The Sea of the Hebrides is an element of the North Atlantic Ocean, located off the western coast of Scotland, separating the Scottish mainland and the northern Inner Hebrides... More »

  • Guatemala Featured Article Guatemala Guatemala

    Guatemala is a Central American nation of fourteen million people located between Mexico, El Salvador, Honduras and Belize. Its western coast fronts to Pacific Ocean and... More »

  • Lake Urmia Featured Article Lake Urmia Lake Urmia

    Lake Urmia is a shallow perennial inland salt water body in northwestern Iran. This lake is the second largest in the Middle East, measuring roughly 5000 square kilometers in... More »

  • Don Juan Pond Featured Article Don Juan Pond Don Juan Pond

    The Don Juan Pond in western Antarctica is the most saline water body on Earth, at approximately twelve to thirteen times the salinity level of other typical seas of the world.... More »

Recently Updated
Iran Last Updated on 2014-11-09 18:30:41 Iran is a nation of over 78 million people in the Middle East, bordering the Gulf of Oman, the Persian Gulf, and the Caspian Sea, between Iraq and Pakistan Its major environmental issues include: air pollution, especially in urban areas, from vehicle emissions, refinery operations, and industrial effluents; deforestation; overgrazing; desertification; oil pollution in the Persian Gulf; wetland losses from drought; soil degradation (salination); inadequate supplies of potable water; water pollution from raw sewage and industrial waste; urbanization Iran is susceptible to periodic droughts, floods; dust storms, sandstorms; earthquakes. Known as Persia until 1935, Iran became an Islamic republic in 1979 after the ruling monarchy was overthrown and Shah Mohammad Reza Pahlavi was forced into exile. Conservative clerical forces established a... More »
Bhutan Last Updated on 2014-11-09 18:16:48   Bhutan is a nation just over 700,000 people in southern Asia, between China and India. Violent storms from the Himalayas are the source of the country's name, which translates as Land of the Thunder Dragon. Landlocked, Bhutan has a strategic location between China and India and controls several key Himalayan mountain passes Its major environmental issues include soil erosion and limited access to potable water. In addition to violent storms, Bhutan is susceptible to frequent landslides during the rainy season. One of the highest mountain reliefs on Earth can be found in Bhutan. Sandwiched between eastern India and the Tibetan plateau, Bhutan hosts peaks that reach between 5,000 and 7,000 meters (16,000-23,000 feet) in height. These mountains are neighbors to Mount Everest, Earth’s highest peak at 8,850 meters (29,035 feet). The impressive... More »
Nepal Last Updated on 2014-11-09 18:07:43   Nepal is a landlocked nation of thirty million people in southern Asia, between China and India. Nepal contains eight of world's 10 highest peaks, including Mount Everest and Kanchenjunga - the world's tallest and third tallest - on the borders with China and India respectively. Its major environmental issues include: deforestation (overuse of wood for fuel and lack of alternatives); contaminated water (with human and animal wastes, agricultural runoff, and industrial effluents); wildlife conservation; and, vehicular emissions Nepal is susceptible to severe thunderstorms; flooding; landslides; drought and famine depending on the timing, intensity, and duration of the summer monsoons. In 1951, the Nepali monarch ended the century-old system of rule by hereditary premiers and instituted a cabinet system of government. Reforms in 1990... More »
India Last Updated on 2014-10-28 12:08:45 India is one of the major nations of the world. With 1,205 million people, it has the second largest population (after China). It is bordered by the Arabian Sea and Indian Ocean in the south, east and west. To the North, it borders Bangladesh, Bhutan, Myanmar (Burma), China, Nepal, and Pakistan. India has a long and complex history reflected in its intricate mixture of ethnic groups, languages and cultures. While, density populated, India is home to a wide range of varied ecoregions with important biodiversity.  Its major environmental issues include: deforestation; soil erosion; overgrazing; desertification; air pollution from industrial effluents and vehicle emissions; water pollution from raw sewage and runoff of agricultural pesticides and herbicides; tap water is not potable throughout the country; and, its huge and growing... More »
Canada Last Updated on 2014-10-21 12:31:09     Canada is a nation of just over 34 million people in northern North America, bordering the North Atlantic Ocean on the east, North Pacific Ocean on the west, and the Arctic Ocean on the north, north of the conterminous United States. Canda is second-largest country in world (after Russia, and a little larger than the United States). It is the World's largest country that borders only one country and has strategic location between Russia and US via north polar route. Approximately 90% of Canda's population is concentrated within 160 km of the US border. A land of vast distances and rich natural resources, Canada became a self-governing dominion in 1867 while retaining ties to the British crown. Economically and technologically, the nation has developed in parallel with the US, its neighbor to the south across the World's longest... More »