Geography is the study of natural and human constructed phenomena from a spatial perspective. Geography has two main sub disciplines:
Human geography includes such subjects as demography, human settlements, transportation, recreation and tourism, resources, religion, social traditions, human migration, agriculture, urban systems, and economic activities
Physical geography is concerned with the study of the Earth’s atmosphere, biosphere, hydrosphere, and lithosphere from theoretical and applied viewpoints.
Sometimes the disciplines of human and physical geography combine knowledge to create a more holistic synthesis.
The Don Juan Pond in western Antarctica is the most saline water body on Earth, at approximately twelve to thirteen times the salinity level of other typical seas of the world....
SyriaLast Updated on 2015-10-04 22:11:16Syria is a nation of about 22,000,000 people in the Middle East, bordering the Mediterranean Sea, between Lebanon and Turkey.
Its major environmental issues include:
Environmental damage from terrorist and military activity
Water pollution from raw sewage and petroleum refining wastes; and,
Inadequate potable water
Following World War I, France acquired a mandate over the northern portion of the former Ottoman Empire province of Syria. The French administered the area as Syria until granting it independence in 1946.
The new country lacked political stability, however, and experienced a series of military coups during its first decades.
Syria united with Egypt in February 1958 to form the United Arab Republic.
In September 1961, the two entities separated, and the Syrian Arab Republic... More »
CroatiaLast Updated on 2015-09-29 17:08:25Croatia is a nation of nearly four-and-a-half million people in southeastern Europe, bordering the Adriatic Sea, between Bosnia and Herzegovina and Slovenia.
Its major environmental issues include:
Air pollution (from metallurgical plants) and the resulting acid rain is damaging the forests;
Coastal water pollution from industrial and domestic waste; and
Landmine presence and reconstruction of infrastructure consequent to 1992-95 civil strife.
Croatia is susceptible to destructive seismic events.
Lands that today comprise Croatia were part of the Austro-Hungarian Empire until the close of World War I.
In 1918, the Croats, Serbs, and Slovenes formed a kingdom known after 1929 as Yugoslavia.
Following World War II, Yugoslavia became a federal independent Communist state under the strong hand of Marshal Tito.
Although Croatia declared its independence... More »
Adriatic SeaLast Updated on 2015-09-29 15:00:08The Adriatic Sea is a branch of the Mediterranean Sea lying between 2 (50,590 miles2). The Adriatic has a maximum depth of 1233 metres (m) and an average depth of 252 m; although north of a line from Zadar, Croatia to Pescara, Italy, it is less than 100 m deep. The northern end of the sea is the Gulf of Venice and its southern limit is the Strait of Ontranto.
By European standards, the Adriatic is both warm (surface water temperature ranges from 8-13oC in winter to 22-25oC in summer) and low in turbidity; correspondingly, this sea is a popular tourist destination.
Map of the Adriatic Sea basin. Source: Norman Einstein/Wikimeia Commons
True-color Moderate Resolution Imaging Spectroradiometer (MODIS) image from May 18, 2002. Source: NASA
The Adriatic coastline is heavily indented and includes many islands. As a result the coastline is... More »
Lake Baikal Basin, Russian FederationLast Updated on 2015-09-15 16:56:57Lake Baikal Basin (53°10'24.96 North, 107°39'45 East) is a World Heritage Site located in the Russian Federation. Situated in south central Siberia close to the Mongolian border, Lake Baikal is the oldest by 25 million years, and deepest, at 1637 metres (m), of the world's lakes. It is 3.15 million hectares (ha) in size and contains a fifth of the world's unfrozen surface freshwater. Its age and isolation and unusually fertile depths have given it the world's richest and most unusual lacustrine fauna which, like the Galapagos Islands, is of outstanding value to evolutionary science. The exceptional variety of endemic animals and plants make the lake one of the most biologically diverse on Earth.
A pulp and cellulose mill on the southern shore, which has created water pollution of 200 square kilometres (km2) of the lake and generated some of the highest... More »
IndiaLast Updated on 2015-09-01 11:18:16India is one of the major nations of the world. With 1,205 million people, it has the second largest population (after China).
It is bordered by the Arabian Sea and Indian Ocean in the south, east and west. To the North, it borders Bangladesh, Bhutan, Myanmar (Burma), China, Nepal, and Pakistan. India has a long and complex history reflected in its intricate mixture of ethnic groups, languages and cultures.
While, density populated, India is home to a wide range of varied ecoregions with important biodiversity. Its major environmental issues include:
air pollution from industrial effluents and vehicle emissions;
water pollution from raw sewage and runoff of agricultural pesticides and herbicides;
tap water is not potable throughout the country; and, its huge and growing... More »
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