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Geography

Geography is the study of natural and human constructed phenomena from a spatial perspective. Geography has two main sub disciplines:

  • Human geography includes such subjects as demography, human settlements, transportation, recreation and tourism, resources, religion, social traditions, human migration, agriculture, urban systems, and economic activities
     
  • Physical geography  is concerned with the study of the Earth’s atmosphere, biosphere, hydrosphere, and lithosphere from theoretical and applied viewpoints.

Sometimes the disciplines of human and physical geography combine knowledge to create a more holistic synthesis.

  • Borneo peat swamp forests Featured Article Borneo peat swamp forests Borneo peat swamp forests

    Although the Borneo peat swamp forests are not as biodiverse as neighbouring lowland rainforests, the Borneo Peat Swamp Forests are some of the most speciose peat swamp forests... More »

  • Terrestrial biome Featured Article Terrestrial biome Terrestrial biome

    Introduction Many places on Earth share similar climatic conditions despite being found in geographically different areas. As a result of natural selection, comparable... More »

  • English Channel Featured Article English Channel English Channel

    The English Channel is that saline water body that connects the North Sea to the Celtic Sea. It is bounded on the north by England and on the south by France. This water body... More »

  • Northern California coast Featured Article Northern California coast Northern California coast

    The Northern California coast section encompasses diverse topography including mountains, hills, valleys and plains in the Northern California Coast Ranges and small parts of... More »

  • Sea of the Hebrides Featured Article Sea of the Hebrides Sea of the Hebrides

    The Sea of the Hebrides is an element of the North Atlantic Ocean, located off the western coast of Scotland, separating the Scottish mainland and the northern Inner Hebrides... More »

  • Guatemala Featured Article Guatemala Guatemala

    Guatemala is a Central American nation of fourteen million people located between Mexico, El Salvador, Honduras and Belize. Its western coast fronts to Pacific Ocean and... More »

  • Lake Urmia Featured Article Lake Urmia Lake Urmia

    Lake Urmia is a shallow perennial inland salt water body in northwestern Iran. This lake is the second largest in the Middle East, measuring roughly 5000 square kilometers in... More »

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    The Don Juan Pond in western Antarctica is the most saline water body on Earth, at approximately twelve to thirteen times the salinity level of other typical seas of the world.... More »

Recently Updated
Borneo peat swamp forests Last Updated on 2014-04-15 17:45:53 Although the Borneo peat swamp forests are not as biodiverse as neighbouring lowland rainforests, the Borneo Peat Swamp Forests are some of the most speciose peat swamp forests in Southeast Asia. Peat swamp forests are a key habitat for the unique endangered Borneo endemic proboscis monkey (Nasalis larvatus). They are also home to the world's most desirable aquarium fish, the arowana (Scleropages formosus). This ecoregion is made up of the peat swamp forests along the western coasts of the island of Borneo, within the Malaysian state of Sarawak and Indonesian Kalimantan. Most of the peat swamp forests are associated with coastal areas, but two large areas of peat swamp forests occur around Lake Mahakam and Lake Kapuas. Based on the Köppen climate zone system, this ecoregion falls in the tropical wet climate zone. The peat swamp forests of Borneo have vegetative and... More »
Borneo lowland rainforests Last Updated on 2014-04-15 16:43:28 Borneo lowland rainforests are the richest rainforests in the world and rival the biodiversity of New Guinea and the Amazon. With 267 Dipterocarpaceae species (155 endemic to Borneo), Borneo is the center of the world's diversity for dipterocarps. These forests are home to the world's smallest squirrel, the eleven centimetre long pygmy squirrel, and the endangered orangutan. In northeast Borneo, populations of Sumatran rhinoceros and Asia's largest terrestrial mammal, the Asian elephant, still tenuously survive in the last pockets of forest. These forests contain the parasitic plant Rafflesia arnoldii, which produces the world's largest flower (up to one meter in diameter). These forests are globally outstanding for both bird and plant richness, with more than 380 birds and an estimated 10,000 plant species found within its boundaries. Unfortunately, these forests have... More »
Andaman Islands rainforests Last Updated on 2014-04-15 16:21:30 Located between the Bay of Bengal and the Andaman Sea, between India to the west and Myanmar to the east, the Andaman Islands are affiliated with both countries in important ways. Although politically part of India, the archipelago is biogeographically more similar to Myanmar and other areas of Indochina. Its rainforests are relatively intactThe condition of an ecological habitat being an undisturbed or natural environment, although the human population is growing fast, posing a serious threat to this isolated ecoregion. The Andamans are made up of 204 islands of varying size and are located in the eastern Indian Ocean as part of the Bay of Bengal. Politically almost all the islands belong to India, although a few small islands in the northernmost end of the archipelago belong to Myanmar (e.g., Table, Great Coco, and Little Coco islands). North Andaman lies 285 kilometers (km)... More »
Highveld grasslands Last Updated on 2014-04-14 15:46:11 Highveld grasslands cover a large portion of west-central South Africa. Grasslands all over the world have experienced dramatic habitat destruction as a result of anthropogenic changes. The Highveld Grassland is no exception, with agriculture severely fragmenting this once-expansive region. This ecoregion now provides the last remaining stronghold of a number of grassland species that have suffered major reductions in abundance in the grassland biome, and which are consequently threatened with extinction (e.g. the Blue Crane (Anthropoides paradisea). There is a relatively biodiverse vertebrate fauna, with 608 taxa recorded. The ecoregion draws its name from the high interior plateau known as the Highveld, and the expansive cover of species-rich communities of grasses. The ecoregion is bordered by the Drakensberg in the east, the arid Karoo and Kalahari in the west, and the... More »
Eastern Zimbabwe montane forest-grassland mosaic Last Updated on 2014-04-12 22:12:44 The Eastern Zimbabwe montane forest-grassland mosaic ecoregion spans the border between Mozambique and Zimbabwe; the mountains within this relatively small ecoregion form part of a larger mountain chain that extends through much of Africa, from the Ethiopian highlands to the Drakensberg Mountains in South Africa. These mountains consist of a complex mosaic of forests, woodlands, and grasslands that demonstrate strong floristic links to the surrounding areas of East and Southern Africa. The fauna also shows affinities to the mountains of these areas, although several endemic animals are found here as well. The characteristic rainy and foggy climate makes this region suitable for coffee, tea, and dairy farming as well as exotic timber plantations. However, the steep and largely inaccessible nature of these mountains has preserved native vegetation, as has the large Chimanimani... More »