Globalization

  • Environment and Globalization: Five... Featured Article Environment and Globalization: Five... Environment and Globalization: Five...

    Publisher: 2007, International Institute for Sustainable Development Authors: Adil Najam, David Runnalls and Mark HallePDF Version: Download (529 kb) Introduction Environment... More »

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Population-environment theory and contemporary applications Last Updated on 2014-07-24 15:49:49 Introduction Humans have sought to understand the relationship between population dynamics and the environment since the earliest times (1-3), but it was Thomas Malthus’ Essay on the Principle of Population in 1798 that is credited with launching the study of population and resources as a scientific topic of inquiry. Malthus’ famous hypothesis was that population numbers tend to grow exponentially while food production grows linearly, never quite keeping pace with population and thus resulting in natural “checks” (such as famine) to further growth. Although the subject was periodically taken up again in the ensuring decades, it wasn’t until the 1960s that significant research interest was rekindled. In 1963 the U.S. National Academy of Sciences published The Growth of World Population, a report that reflected scientific concern about the consequences of... More »
Rio 2012 Conference, Limits to Sustainability Science Last Updated on 2012-07-05 00:00:00 Twenty years after the 1992 Earth Summit that led to the establishment of two major environmental conventions (the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change and the Convention on Biological Diversity), the author believes that Rio+20 (2012) presents an opportunity for the leaders of the world's governments to re-examine their commitments to—and ability to implement—sustainable development. This Editorial, authored by Georgina M. Mace*, appeared first in PLoS Biology—a peer-reviewed, open access journal published by the Public Library of Science. The article is a verbatim version of the original and is not available for edits or additions by Encyclopedia of Earth editors or authors. Companion articles on the same topic that are editable may exist within the Encyclopedia of Earth. The Limits to Sustainability Science: Ecological Constraints... More »
Mobility, Globalization, and Antimicrobial Drug Resistance Last Updated on 2011-01-19 00:00:00 This Perspective article written by Douglas W. MacPherson, Brian D. Gushulak, William B. Baine, Shukal Bala, Paul O. Gubbins, Paul Holtom, and Marisel Segarra-Newnham*, appeared first in Emerging Infectious Diseases—a peer-reviewed, open access  journal published by the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention expressly to promote the recognition of new and reemerging infectious diseases around the world and improve the understanding of factors involved in disease emergence,/ prevention, and elimination. The article is a verbatim version of the original and is not available for edits or additions by Encyclopedia of Earth editors or authors. Companion articles on the same topic that are editable may exist within the Encyclopedia of ... More »
Globally Mobile Populations: Spread of Emerging Pathogens Last Updated on 2011-01-13 00:00:00 This article written by Paul M. Arguin, Nina Marano, and David O. Freedman*, appeared first in Emerging Infectious Diseases—a peer-reviewed, open access  journal published by the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention expressly to promote the recognition of new and reemerging infectious diseases around the world and improve the understanding of factors involved in disease emergence, prevention, and elimination. The article is a verbatim version of the original and is not available for edits or additions by Encyclopedia of Earth editors or authors. Companion articles on the same topic that are editable may exist within the Encyclopedia of Earth.   Globally Mobile Populations and the Spread of Emerging Pathogens Abstract During the past decade, the global public health community has been challenged by the emergence and rapid worldwide... More »
Global Environment Outlook (GEO-4): Chapter 9 Last Updated on 2008-08-29 18:42:05 The scenarios point to both risks and opportunities in the future. Of particular significance are the risks of crossing thresholds, the potential of reaching turning points in the relationship between people and the environment, and the need to account for interlinkages in pursuing a more sustainable path. This chapter builds on previous chapters by exploring how current social, economic and environmental trends may unfold along divergent development paths in the future, and what this might mean for the environment, development and human well-being. It presents four scenarios to the year 2050, using narrative storylines and quantitative data to explore different policy approaches and societal choices at both global and regional levels. The main messages of the scenarios – Markets First, Policy First, Security... More »