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Organizations & Movements

This section covers a wide range of organizations that govern, manage, study, advocate for, impact, educate about, and interact with the Earth's environments. Organizations operate at local, regional, national, international and global scales; and in the public and private sectors of society. Included are: governmental organizations like the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, United States; international bodies like the International Union for Conservation of Nature; educational organizations like the School for Field Studies; environmental organizations like the World Wildlife Fund; corporations, and research centers.

Humanity's relationship to the Earth's environments in modern times has been marked by periods of time when groups of individuals have come together around shared viewpoint on an environmental issue.  They have expressed that view by taking action individually and as a community through outlets such as writings, philosophy and ethics, political action, and other kinds of behavior. Such movements are often marked by broad changes in attitudes toward society's relationship with nature and specific changes in law. Environmental movements are also often associated with scientific discovery and the changes in education about environmental issues. Certain individuals or events often come to be recognized as "catalytic" or "symbolic" of an environmental movement. Examples include: John Muir, his writings, and the founding of the Sierra Club in 1892; the publication of "Silent Spring" by Rachel Carlson in 1962; and the First Earth Day on April 22, 1970.

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National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA), United States Last Updated on 2013-10-12 23:55:15 The National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA) is a federal agency within the United States Department of Commerce.  As a science-based operational agency tasked with monitoring climate and changes in the environment, NOAA is responsible for the study of the atmosphere and the oceans.  The agency issues daily weather forecasts and storm warnings, restores coastline, aids the flow of marine commerce, and manages fisheries.  NOAA's activities facilitate weather- and climate-sensitive economic activity that account for roughly one-third of the country's gross domestic product (GDP)[1]. The agency also responds to natural and man-made maritime disasters, operates a complex network of oceanographic, meteorological and atmospheric data-collecting products and services, and manages marine mammals, marine endangered... More »
American Meteorological Society Last Updated on 2011-11-27 00:00:00 The American Meteorological Society (AMS) promotes the development and dissemination of information and education on the atmospheric and related oceanic and hydrologic sciences and the advancement of their professional applications. The AMS offers an array of undergraduate scholarships and graduate fellowships to students pursuing careers in the atmospheric and related oceanic and hydrologic sciences. It also administers two professional certification programs, the Certified Broadcast Meteorologist (CBM) and Certified Consulting Meteorologist (CCM) programs.[1][2] The AMS has a staff of 50 people headquartered in Boston, Massachusetts and also has another office in Washington, DC. History of the AMS The American Meteorological Society was founded in 1919 by Charles Franklin Brooks of the Blue Hill Observatory in Milton, Massachusetts. Its initial membership... More »
United Nations Development Programme (UNDP) Last Updated on 2011-06-17 00:00:00 The United Nations Development Programme (UNDP), part of United Nations system, is a global development network that advocates for change and connects countries to knowledge, experience and resources to help people build a better life. UNDP is on the ground in 166 countries, supporting local solutions to development challenges and developing national and local capacities that will help them achieve human development and the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs). Its work is concentrated on four main focus areas: Democratic Governance Poverty Reduction and Achievement of the MDGs Crisis Prevention and Recovery Environment and Energy for Sustainable Development UNDP is based on the merging of the United Nations Expanded Programme of Technical Assistance, created in 1949, and the United Nations Special Fund, established in 1958. UNDP, as we know it now,... More »
United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP) Last Updated on 2011-05-19 00:00:00 The United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP) is an agency of the United Nations tasked to serve as a catalyst, advocate, educator, and facilitator to promote sustainable development and smart use of the global environment. This article contains information that was originally published by the United Nations Environment Programme .  Topic editors  and authors for the Encyclopedia of Earth may have edited its content or added new information. The use of information from the United Nations Environment Programme should not be construed as support for or endorsement by that organization for any new information added by EoE personnel, or for any editing of the original content. UNEP is able to carryout these goals by collaborating with UN entities, international organizations, national governments, civil society,... More »
National Center for Science and Engineering Statistics Last Updated on 2011-02-15 00:00:00 National Center for Science and Engineering Statistics The National Science Foundation's National Center for Science and Engineering Statistics has new responsibilities for data collections related to U.S. competitiveness and science, technology, engineering and math education. The National Science Foundation's (NSF) Division of Science Resources Statistics has a new name: the National Center for Science and Engineering Statistics (NCSES). The name change conveys the central role NCSES has in the collection, interpretation, analysis and dissemination of objective data on the science and engineering enterprise and signals the expanded responsibilities of the center. The name and responsibilities were mandated by Section 505 of the America COMPETES Reauthorization Act, which was signed into law on Jan. 4. According to the legislation, NCSES will serve as a... More »