Traditionally, the term wildlife has conjured images of species which are of economic or emotional importance to humans. However wildlife life encompasses a much broader array of life on earth, referring to any undomesticated species, from the European Fire-bellied toad to the Siberian tiger.
As humans have encroached on the natural habitats of the world's wildlife, contaminated the far reaches of earth and hunted or fished some species to extinction, understanding qualities like habitat requirements, lifecycles and nutritional needs for all wildlife species has become a primary focus of many scientists and conservationists.
For many species, their survival depends upon our ability to identify the basic needs for wildlife populations to survive and thrive and act upon that knowledge.
The Indus River dolphin (scientific name: Platanista minor) is fresh water cetacean closely related to the Ganges River dolphin (Platanista gangetica). These two endangered...
OrcaLast Updated on 2014-04-16 15:11:43Orcinus orca, or simply orca, is in fact the largest of the dolphins within the order of cetaceans. This species of marine mammal, also commonly known as the killer whale, is easily identified by its black and white coloration; the underside is white with white patches behind the eyes and a greyish white area called a saddle-patch behind the dorsal fin. The shape of the saddle is unique in each animal, and can help to identify individuals. The dorsal fin is also used to recognize individuals. Male orcas have the tallest dorsal fin known in the animal kingdom, measuring up to six feet high in mature males. Females have shorter, more curved dorsal fins.
Kingdom: Anamalia (Animals)
Class:------ Mammalia... More »
Borneo peat swamp forestsLast Updated on 2014-04-15 17:45:53
Although the Borneo peat swamp forests are not as biodiverse as neighbouring lowland rainforests, the Borneo Peat Swamp Forests are some of the most speciose peat swamp forests in Southeast Asia. Peat swamp forests are a key habitat for the unique endangered Borneo endemic proboscis monkey (Nasalis larvatus). They are also home to the world's most desirable aquarium fish, the arowana (Scleropages formosus).
This ecoregion is made up of the peat swamp forests along the western coasts of the island of Borneo, within the Malaysian state of Sarawak and Indonesian Kalimantan. Most of the peat swamp forests are associated with coastal areas, but two large areas of peat swamp forests occur around Lake Mahakam and Lake Kapuas. Based on the Köppen climate zone system, this ecoregion falls in the tropical wet climate zone.
The peat swamp forests of Borneo have vegetative and... More »
Etosha Pan halophyticsLast Updated on 2014-04-12 21:03:57
The Etosha Pan Halophytics ecoregion is the relict landform of an expansive, inland Pliocene lake. Today, the Etosha Pan is an arid, saline desert. Normally, the intensively cracked, whitish clay is split into hexagonal salt-encrusted fragments, and wildlife is sustained only by scattered freshwater springs, which manifest as watering holes. These springs attract a diverse array of large mammals, especially during the dry season, making Etosha Pan a popular tourist destination. In unusually wet years, when the Ekuma, Oshigambo and Omuramba Ovambo Rivers receive sufficient rainfall, the pan is temporarily ttransformed into a shallow lake.
The Etosha Pan is situated within the Etosha National Park in northern Namibia around 16 °E longitude and 19 °S latitude. The pan is located on the interior plain of Ovamboland. Elevation ranges from 1071 metres (m) to 1086 m above mean... More »
Pan-tropical spotted dolphinLast Updated on 2014-04-12 15:29:32The Pantropical spotted dolphin (Scientific name: Stenella attenuata) is a marine mammal within the family of ocanic dolphins, part of the order of cetaceans, that is found in all the world's oceans between about 40°N and 40°S. The gregarious Pantropical spotted dolphin forms schools that can range in size from less than one hundred to thousands of individuals.
The pantropical spotted dolphin is well known for its tendency to associate with schools of tuna in this region. While this may be due to an overlap in diet, other reasons for this association have also been suggested, such as increased protection from predators, as there is safety in numbers. As a result of this association, Pantropical spotted dolphin have been frequently killed in as a bycatch in the fishing of yellowfin tuna with purse-seine nets.
The pantropical spotted dolphin is a fast swimmer that... More »
Southwest Iberian Mediterranean sclerophyllous and mixed forestsLast Updated on 2014-04-08 11:24:47The Southwest Iberian Mediterranean sclerophyllous and mixed forests ecoregion, located on the southeast coast of the Iberian Peninsula, is characterized by a human-made semi-natural landscape, formed by extensive semi-natural sylvopastoral woodlands known as "montados" in Portugal and as "dehesas" in Spain.
Historically, these have represented very efficient and rational multipurpose management systems, adapted to adverse environmental conditions imposed by low-quality soils and harsh climate.
This ecoregion serves as habitat to some of the most endangered species in Europe such as the Iberian lynx (Lynx pardinus), the imperial eagle (Aquila heliaca), and the great bustard (Otis tarda).
Change in land use has led to soil degradation; tourism, urbanization, and road building, which factors comprise the most serious threats to this ecoregion.
The Southwest... More »
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