Human societies are vulnerable to climate change.

Satellite photo of the border between Haiti (left) and the Dominican Republic (right) showing the differences in the extent of deforestation.

NASA Goddard Space Flight Center


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Indigenous Peoples


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    Welcome to the Africa Collection! This new collection is centered on the environmental, economic and social challenges faced by the people of Africa. The goal of this collection... More »

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Arctic climate change case studies using indigenous knowledge Last Updated on 2015-07-09 00:12:54 This is Section 3.4 of the Arctic Climate Impact Assessment Lead Authors: Henry Huntington, Shari Fox; Contributing Authors: Fikret Berkes, Igor Krupnik; Case Study Authors are identified on specific case studies; Consulting Authors: Anne Henshaw,Terry Fenge, Scot Nickels, Simon Wilson Indigenous perspectives on the changing Arctic vary widely over time and space, as may be expected given the differences between the histories, cultures, ways of life, social and economic situations, geographical locations, and other characteristics of the many peoples of the region. These perspectives cannot be illustrated by generalizations nor, in the space allotted and with the materials currently available, comprehensively for the entire Arctic. The case studies used in the Arctic Climate Impact Assessment were chosen as illustrations of indigenous perspectives on climate change, and were drawn... More »
Inclusive Wealth Report 2012 Last Updated on 2013-10-29 21:21:58 The International Human Dimensions Programme on Global Environmental Change (IHDP)* announced at the Rio+20 Summit on June 17, 2012. the launch of the Inclusive Wealth Report 2012 (IWR 2012). The report measures the wealth of nations. Download PDF | Read more about the report The report presents a new economic index, which looks beyond the traditional short term economic and development yardsticks of gross domestic product (GDP) and the Human Development Index (HDI). The Inclusive Wealth Index (IWI) assesses changes in a country’s productive base, including produced, human, and natural capital over time. By taking a more holistic approach, the IWI shows governments the true state of their nation’s wealth and the sustainability of its growth. Twenty countries were assessed in the IWR 2012 over a period of 19 years (1990-2008). Together they represent more than half of... More »
Module: Societal Contributors to Climate Literacy Last Updated on 2011-06-08 00:00:00 SUMMARY Background: Though Florida A&M University (FAMU) is an HBCU (Historically Black College/University), its student population is diverse with respect to the representation of people of color.  In addition to African Americans, there are black students from the Caribbean, Africa, and South America, in addition to students from different Asian countries.  Accordingly, students are assisted in gaining a more global worldview through cultural interactions with their peers. Objectives: Describe how climate has changed in your home country over the past 100 years. Compare various nations' commitments to regulate greenhouse gas emissions according to international agreements such as the Kyoto Protocol. Examine and describe the societal factors which influence awareness, attitudes, and actions with respect to global climate... More »
Ethnosphere Last Updated on 2010-06-11 00:00:00 This article was researched and written by a student at the University of Vermont participating in the Encyclopedia of Earth's (EoE) Student Science Communication Project. The project encourages students in undergraduate and graduate programs to write about timely scientific issues under close faculty guidance. All articles have been reviewed by internal EoE editors, and by independent experts on each topic. Introduction The ethnosphere is the sum total of the world's cultures. It incorporates, among other cultural facets, ". . . all thoughts, dreams, ideas, beliefs, myths, intuitions, and inspirations brought into being by the human imagination since the dawn of consciousness". Ethnosphere refers to both the accumulation of living cultures and the ancient lineages from which they evolved. (1) The ethnosphere concept differs from such other... More »
IPCC Fourth Assessment Report, Working Group II: Chapter 14 Last Updated on 2010-04-07 00:00:00 Originally published by our Content Partner: Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (other articles) Table of Contents Executive Summary 14.1 Introduction 14.1.1 Key findings from the Third Assessment Report (TAR) 14.1.2 Key differences from TAR 14.2 Current sensitivity/vulnerability 14.2.1 Freshwater Resources 14.2.2 Ecosystems 14.2.3 Coastal Regions Box 14.1 Accelerating wildfire and ecosystem disturbance dynamics 14.2.4 Agriculture, forestry, and fisheries 14.2.5 Human health 14.2.6 Human settlements 14.2.7 Tourism and recreation 14.2.8 Energy, industry and transportation 14.3 Assumptions about future trends 14.3.1 Climate 14.3.2 Social, economic and institutional context 14.4 Key impacts and... More »