Estimated change in annual mean sea surface pH between the pre-industrial period (1700s) and the present day (1990s). ΔpH here is in standard pH units.
The seas in which corals and other calcifying species dwell are turning acidic, their pH slowly dropping as Earth's oceans acidify in response to increased carbon dioxide...
Rising atmospheric carbon dioxide concentrations have increased dissolved inorganic carbon (abbreviated as DIC) consisting of carbon dioxide (CO2), bicarbonate ions (HCO3-),...
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