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Vulnerability

The game Jenga. Humans have difficulty with problems that span long-time periods and may have uncertain outcomes.

Jorge Barrios

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Linking extreme heat events to global warming Last Updated on 2012-08-07 00:00:00 An analysis by James Hansen and colleagues suggests that recent episodes of extremely warm summers, including the intense heat wave afflicting the U.S. Midwest this year, very likely are the consequence of global warming.   Research Links Extreme Summer Heat Events to Global Warming A statistical analysis (Perception of climate change) by NASA scientists has found that Earth's land areas have become much more likely to experience an extreme summer heat wave than they were in the middle of the 20th century. The research was published August 6, 2012, in the journal Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences.   Earth's Northern Hemisphere over the past 30 years has seen more "hot" (orange), "very hot" (red) and "extremely hot" (brown) summers, compared to a base period defined in... More »
Module: Societal Contributors to Climate Literacy Last Updated on 2011-06-08 00:00:00 SUMMARY Background: Though Florida A&M University (FAMU) is an HBCU (Historically Black College/University), its student population is diverse with respect to the representation of people of color.  In addition to African Americans, there are black students from the Caribbean, Africa, and South America, in addition to students from different Asian countries.  Accordingly, students are assisted in gaining a more global worldview through cultural interactions with their peers. Objectives: Describe how climate has changed in your home country over the past 100 years. Compare various nations' commitments to regulate greenhouse gas emissions according to international agreements such as the Kyoto Protocol. Examine and describe the societal factors which influence awareness, attitudes, and actions with respect to global climate... More »
Climate Change and Unprepared Cities Last Updated on 2011-04-09 00:00:00 Climate Change Poses Major Risks for Unprepared Cities Fast-growing urban areas most likely to feel the heat Cities worldwide are failing to take necessary steps to protect residents from the likely impacts of climate change, even though billions of urban dwellers are vulnerable to heat waves, sea level rise and other changes associated with warming temperatures. A new examination of urban policies by Patricia Romero Lankao at the National Center for Atmospheric Research (NCAR) in Boulder, Colo., in conjunction with an international research project on cities and climate change, warns that many of the world's fast-growing urban areas, especially in developing countries, will likely suffer disproportionately from the impacts of changing climate. Her work also concludes that most cities are failing to reduce emissions of carbon dioxide and other greenhouse gases that... More »
Climate Change and Children’s Health Last Updated on 2011-03-25 00:00:00 This Science Selection article, written by Tanya Tillett*, appeared first in Environmental Health Perspectives—the peer-reviewed, open access journal of the National Institute of Environmental Health Sciences. The article is a verbatim version of the original and is not available for edits or additions by Encyclopedia of Earth editors or authors. Companion articles on the same topic that are editable may exist within the Encyclopedia of Earth.   Climate Change and Children’s Health: Protecting and Preparing Our Youngest Climate change is expected to bring increased frequency and intensity of rainstorms, snowstorms, heat waves, and other extreme weather events. Numerous studies indicate climate change is already contributing to a greater overall burden of disease. A new review uses a children’s health framework to summarize the latest data on the... More »
Deaths from U.S. Earthquakes Last Updated on 2011-03-12 00:00:00 Date UTC Location Deaths Comments 1811 12 16 Northeast Arkansas - New Madrid, Missouri Several 1811 12 16 thru 1812 02 07. 1812 12 08 San Juan Capistrano, California 40   1812 12 21 Santa Barbara, California 1   1857 01 09 Fort Tejon, California 1   1868 04 03 Hawaii Island, Hawaii 77 Landslides: 31, tsunami: 46. ... More »