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Countries of the world

The countries of the world are those generally recognized nations on Earth. Countries are described by their physical geography, ecoregions, socioeconomic description and history. Each country has a distinct culture and form of governance. Since national boundaries have been altered in many world regions in the 19th and 20th century, the boundaries and names of many countries have changed in the last two centuries.

  • New Zealand Featured Article New Zealand New Zealand

    New Zealand is a nation of four-and-a-third million people which is composed of two major and many smaller islands in the South Pacific Ocean, southeast of Australia (across... More »

  • Malaysia Featured Article Malaysia Malaysia

    Malaysia is nation in Southeast Asia consisting of two disjunctive parts: (1) Peninsular Malaysia bordering Thailand; and (2) the northern one-third of the island of... More »

  • Angola Featured Article Angola Angola

    Angola is a nation of eighteen million people in south-central Africa that fronts the South Atlantic Ocean, between Namibia and Democratic Republic of the Congo Despite... More »

  • Tuvalu Featured Article Tuvalu Tuvalu

    Tuvalu is an island group and nation of under 11,000 people, consisting of a densely populated, scattered group of nine coral atolls with poor soil in the South Pacific Ocean,... More »

  • Croatia Featured Article Croatia Croatia

    Croatia is a nation of nearly four-and-a-half million people in southeastern Europe, bordering the Adriatic Sea, between Bosnia and Herzegovina and Slovenia. Its major... More »

  • Chile Featured Article Chile Chile

    Chile is a nation of seventeen million people in South America, bordering the South Pacific Ocean, between Argentina and Peru. The country of Chile encompasses an extensive... More »

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Seychelles Last Updated on 2014-02-13 14:08:20 The African nation of Seychelles is an archipelago nation of ninety thousand people on over a hundred islands in the Indian Ocean, northeast of Madagascar, The exact number of islands is uncertain. The couintries constitution states 155, while other sources count 115 or 116.  About 42 are "granitic islands", that is composed of granite, and about 75 coralline islands. The most important Granitic Seychelles are Mahé (the largest Seychelles island and location of the capitol Victoria), Praslin, Silhouette, and La Digue. There are also and about 75 small "coralline islands", that is an an island composed in part of coral sand and detritus Seychelles is the smallest African nation by both area (455 km2) and population (82,247). About 75% of the Seychellois live on Mahe Island. Most others live on Praslin and La Digue, with the... More »
Sierra Leone Last Updated on 2014-01-21 21:44:32 Sierra Leone is a nation of five-and-a-half million people in  western-Africa, bordering the North Atlantic Ocean, between Guinea to the north and Liberia to the southeast. In the coastal west there is a belt of mangrove swamps; beyond these is extensive lowland plains, farmland and wooded hill country; in the east is an upland plateau and also mountains. Rainfall along the coast can reach 495 cm (195 inches) a year, making it one of the wettest places along coastal, western Africa. Sierra Leone's major environmental issues include: rapid population growth pressuring the environment; overharvesting of timber, expansion of cattle grazing, and slash-and-burn agriculture have resulted in deforestation and soil exhaustion; the civil war has depleted natural resources; and, overfishing. It is susceptible to dry, sand-laden harmattan winds which... More »
Namibia Last Updated on 2013-09-30 17:25:34 Namibia is a nation of over two million people in southern Africa, bordering the South Atlantic Ocean, between Angola to the north and South Africa to the south. Namibia is mostly high plateau with the Namib Desert along the coast and the  Kalahari Desert in east. It is one of the least densly populated nations in the world. Namibia's major environmental issues include: limited natural fresh water resources; desertification; wildlife poaching; habitat fragmentation; and, land degradation which has led to few fully protected intact conservation areas. Most of the country is susceptible to prolonged periods of drought. South Africa occupied the German colony of Southwest Africa during World War I and administered it as a mandate until after World War II, when it annexed the territory. In 1966 the Marxist Southwest Africa People's... More »
Yemen Last Updated on 2012-01-28 00:00:00 Yemen is a nation in the Middle East, bordering the Arabian Sea, Gulf of Aden, and Red Sea, between Oman and Saudi Arabia. It also includes Socotra, which includes four islands in the Indian Ocean, east of the Horn of Africa. It has a strategic location on Bab el-Mandeb, the strait linking the Red Sea and the Gulf of Aden, one of world's most active shipping lanes. Its major environmental issues include: limited natural freshwater resources; inadequate supplies of potable water; overgrazing; soil erosion; and, desertification North Yemen became independent of the Ottoman Empire in 1918. The British, who had set up a protectorate area around the southern port of Aden in the 19th century, withdrew in 1967 from what became South Yemen. Three years later, the southern government... More »
Vanuatu Last Updated on 2012-01-27 00:00:00 Vanuatu (formerly New Hebrides), is a nation of under a quarter million people composed of group of more than 80 islands, about 65 of which are inhabited, in the South Pacific Ocean, north of New Caledonia about three-quarters of the way from Hawaii to Australia. Geographically, Vanuatu is a Y-shaped chain of four main islands and 80 smaller islands; several of the islands have active volcanoes. Its major environmental issues include:most of the population does not have access to a reliable supply of potable water;and, deforestation Multiple waves of colonizers, each speaking a distinct language, migrated to the New Hebrides in the millennia preceding European exploration in the 18th century. This settlement pattern accounts for the complex linguistic diversity found on the archipelago to this day. The British and French, who... More »