Countries of the world

The countries of the world are those generally recognized nations on Earth. Countries are described by their physical geography, ecoregions, socioeconomic description and history. Each country has a distinct culture and form of governance. Since national boundaries have been altered in many world regions in the 19th and 20th century, the boundaries and names of many countries have changed in the last two centuries.

  • New Zealand Featured Article New Zealand New Zealand

    New Zealand is a nation of four-and-a-third million people which is composed of two major and many smaller islands in the South Pacific Ocean, southeast of Australia (across... More »

  • Malaysia Featured Article Malaysia Malaysia

    Malaysia is nation in Southeast Asia consisting of two disjunctive parts: (1) Peninsular Malaysia bordering Thailand; and (2) the northern one-third of the island of... More »

  • Angola Featured Article Angola Angola

    Angola is a nation of eighteen million people in south-central Africa that fronts the South Atlantic Ocean, between Namibia and Democratic Republic of the Congo Despite... More »

  • Tuvalu Featured Article Tuvalu Tuvalu

    Tuvalu is an island group and nation of under 11,000 people, consisting of a densely populated, scattered group of nine coral atolls with poor soil in the South Pacific Ocean,... More »

  • Croatia Featured Article Croatia Croatia

    Croatia is a nation of nearly four-and-a-half million people in southeastern Europe, bordering the Adriatic Sea, between Bosnia and Herzegovina and Slovenia. Its major... More »

  • Chile Featured Article Chile Chile

    Chile is a nation of seventeen million people in South America, bordering the South Pacific Ocean, between Argentina and Peru. The country of Chile encompasses an extensive... More »

Recently Updated
Denmark Last Updated on 2014-12-19 12:32:19 Denmark is a nation of just over five-and-a-half million people in Northern Europe, bordering the Baltic Sea and the North Sea, on a peninsula north of Germany (Jutland) and includes roughly 500 islands, including several major islands (Sjaelland, Fyn, and Bornholm).  It is a part of the generally fertile and mostly agricultural region known as the North European Plain. This entire region is generally flat to slightly rolling and is overlain with glacial deposits. Denmark also includes the Faroe Islands and Greenland. Its major environmental issues include: air pollution, principally from vehicle and power plant emissions; nitrogen and phosphorus pollution of the North Sea; drinking and surface water becoming polluted from animal wastes and pesticides Flooding is a threat in some areas of the country (e.g., parts of Jutland, along the southern... More »
Iran Last Updated on 2014-11-09 18:30:41 Iran is a nation of over 78 million people in the Middle East, bordering the Gulf of Oman, the Persian Gulf, and the Caspian Sea, between Iraq and Pakistan Its major environmental issues include: air pollution, especially in urban areas, from vehicle emissions, refinery operations, and industrial effluents; deforestation; overgrazing; desertification; oil pollution in the Persian Gulf; wetland losses from drought; soil degradation (salination); inadequate supplies of potable water; water pollution from raw sewage and industrial waste; urbanization Iran is susceptible to periodic droughts, floods; dust storms, sandstorms; earthquakes. Known as Persia until 1935, Iran became an Islamic republic in 1979 after the ruling monarchy was overthrown and Shah Mohammad Reza Pahlavi was forced into exile. Conservative clerical forces established a... More »
Bhutan Last Updated on 2014-11-09 18:16:48   Bhutan is a nation just over 700,000 people in southern Asia, between China and India. Violent storms from the Himalayas are the source of the country's name, which translates as Land of the Thunder Dragon. Landlocked, Bhutan has a strategic location between China and India and controls several key Himalayan mountain passes Its major environmental issues include soil erosion and limited access to potable water. In addition to violent storms, Bhutan is susceptible to frequent landslides during the rainy season. One of the highest mountain reliefs on Earth can be found in Bhutan. Sandwiched between eastern India and the Tibetan plateau, Bhutan hosts peaks that reach between 5,000 and 7,000 meters (16,000-23,000 feet) in height. These mountains are neighbors to Mount Everest, Earth’s highest peak at 8,850 meters (29,035 feet). The impressive... More »
Nepal Last Updated on 2014-11-09 18:07:43   Nepal is a landlocked nation of thirty million people in southern Asia, between China and India. Nepal contains eight of world's 10 highest peaks, including Mount Everest and Kanchenjunga - the world's tallest and third tallest - on the borders with China and India respectively. Its major environmental issues include: deforestation (overuse of wood for fuel and lack of alternatives); contaminated water (with human and animal wastes, agricultural runoff, and industrial effluents); wildlife conservation; and, vehicular emissions Nepal is susceptible to severe thunderstorms; flooding; landslides; drought and famine depending on the timing, intensity, and duration of the summer monsoons. In 1951, the Nepali monarch ended the century-old system of rule by hereditary premiers and instituted a cabinet system of government. Reforms in 1990... More »
India Last Updated on 2014-10-28 12:08:45 India is one of the major nations of the world. With 1,205 million people, it has the second largest population (after China). It is bordered by the Arabian Sea and Indian Ocean in the south, east and west. To the North, it borders Bangladesh, Bhutan, Myanmar (Burma), China, Nepal, and Pakistan. India has a long and complex history reflected in its intricate mixture of ethnic groups, languages and cultures. While, density populated, India is home to a wide range of varied ecoregions with important biodiversity.  Its major environmental issues include: deforestation; soil erosion; overgrazing; desertification; air pollution from industrial effluents and vehicle emissions; water pollution from raw sewage and runoff of agricultural pesticides and herbicides; tap water is not potable throughout the country; and, its huge and growing... More »