Countries of the world

The countries of the world are those generally recognized nations on Earth. Countries are described by their physical geography, ecoregions, socioeconomic description and history. Each country has a distinct culture and form of governance. Since national boundaries have been altered in many world regions in the 19th and 20th century, the boundaries and names of many countries have changed in the last two centuries.

  • New Zealand Featured Article New Zealand New Zealand

    New Zealand is a nation of four-and-a-third million people which is composed of two major and many smaller islands in the South Pacific Ocean, southeast of Australia (across... More »

  • Malaysia Featured Article Malaysia Malaysia

    Malaysia is nation in Southeast Asia consisting of two disjunctive parts: (1) Peninsular Malaysia bordering Thailand; and (2) the northern one-third of the island of... More »

  • Angola Featured Article Angola Angola

    Angola is a nation of eighteen million people in south-central Africa that fronts the South Atlantic Ocean, between Namibia and Democratic Republic of the Congo Despite... More »

  • Tuvalu Featured Article Tuvalu Tuvalu

    Tuvalu is an island group and nation of under 11,000 people, consisting of a densely populated, scattered group of nine coral atolls with poor soil in the South Pacific Ocean,... More »

  • Croatia Featured Article Croatia Croatia

    Croatia is a nation of nearly four-and-a-half million people in southeastern Europe, bordering the Adriatic Sea, between Bosnia and Herzegovina and Slovenia. Its major... More »

  • Chile Featured Article Chile Chile

    Chile is a nation of seventeen million people in South America, bordering the South Pacific Ocean, between Argentina and Peru. The country of Chile encompasses an extensive... More »

Recently Updated
Canada Last Updated on 2014-10-21 12:31:09     Canada is a nation of just over 34 million people in northern North America, bordering the North Atlantic Ocean on the east, North Pacific Ocean on the west, and the Arctic Ocean on the north, north of the conterminous United States. Canda is second-largest country in world (after Russia, and a little larger than the United States). It is the World's largest country that borders only one country and has strategic location between Russia and US via north polar route. Approximately 90% of Canda's population is concentrated within 160 km of the US border. A land of vast distances and rich natural resources, Canada became a self-governing dominion in 1867 while retaining ties to the British crown. Economically and technologically, the nation has developed in parallel with the US, its neighbor to the south across the World's longest... More »
India Last Updated on 2014-10-19 18:29:14 India is one of the major nations of the world. With 1,205 million people, it has the second largest population (after China). It is bordered by the Arabian Sea and Indian Ocean in the south, east and west. To the North, it borders Bangladesh, Bhutan, Myanmar (Burma), China, Nepal, and Pakistan. India has a long and complex history reflected in its intricate mixture of ethnic groups, languages and cultures. While, density populated, India is home to a wide range of varied ecoregions with important biodiversity.  Its major environmental issues include: deforestation; soil erosion; overgrazing; desertification; air pollution from industrial effluents and vehicle emissions; water pollution from raw sewage and runoff of agricultural pesticides and herbicides; tap water is not potable throughout the country; and, its huge and growing... More »
Bangladesh Last Updated on 2014-10-19 17:39:12 Bangladesh is a nation of over 160 million people in southern Asia, bordering the Bay of Bengal, between Myanmar (Burma) and India. Most of the country is situated on deltas of large rivers flowing from the Himalayas: the Ganges unites with the Jamuna (main channel of the Brahmaputra) and later joins the Meghna to eventually empty into the Bay of Bengal Its major environmental issues include: many people are landless and forced to live on and cultivate flood-prone land; waterborne diseases prevalent in surface water; water pollution, especially of fishing areas, results from the use of commercial pesticides; ground water contaminated by naturally occurring arsenic; intermittent water shortages because of falling water tables in the northern and central parts of the country; soil degradation and erosion; deforestation; and, severe overpopulation.... More »
Sri Lanka Last Updated on 2014-07-21 17:07:59 Sri Lanka (formerly known as Ceylon) is an island nation of over twenty-one million people in the Indian Ocean, about 28 kilometers (18 mi.) off the southeastern coast of India. Its major environmental issues include: deforestation; soil erosion;     wildlife populations threatened by poaching and urbanization; coastal degradation from mining activities and increased pollution; freshwater resources being polluted by industrial wastes and sewage runoff; waste disposal; and, air pollution in Colombo Sri Lanka is susceptible to occasional cyclones and tornadoes. The first Sinhalese arrived in Sri Lanka late in the 6th century B.C., probably from northern India. Buddhism was introduced in about the mid-third century B.C., and a great civilization developed at the cities of Anuradhapura (kingdom from... More »
Namibia Last Updated on 2014-07-07 16:10:29 Namibia is a nation of over two million people in southern Africa, bordering the South Atlantic Ocean, between Angola to the north and South Africa to the south. Namibia is mostly high plateau with the Namib Desert along the coast and the  Kalahari Desert in east. It is one of the least densly populated nations in the world. Namibia's major environmental issues include: limited natural fresh water resources; desertification; wildlife poaching; habitat fragmentation; and, land degradation which has led to few fully protected intact conservation areas. Most of the country is susceptible to prolonged periods of drought. South Africa occupied the German colony of Southwest Africa during World War I and administered it as a mandate until after World War II, when it annexed the territory. In 1966 the Marxist Southwest Africa People's... More »