Solutions

To reduce many of the undesirable impacts of climate change, humans may adapt to changes already underway, mitigate greenhouse gas emissions, or adopt policies to encourage more sustainable practices. Economics will determine to a large extent which responses or solutions are chosen.

Wind turbines off the coast of Denmark.

Sandia National Laboratories

Economics

Adaptation

Mitigation

Policy & Action

Recently Updated
Science and Technology Issues in the 113th Congress Last Updated on 2013-08-07 11:09:36 This article is drawn from CRS Report R43114: Science and Technology Issues in the 113th Congress by Frank Gottron, June 20, 2013 Science and technology have a pervasive influence over a wide range of issues confronting the nation. Public and private research and development spurs scientific and technological advancement. Such advances can drive economic growth, help address national priorities, and improve health and quality of life. The constantly changing nature and ubiquity of science and technology frequently creates public policy issues of congressional interest. The federal government supports scientific and technological advancement by directly funding research and development and indirectly by creating and maintaining policies that encourage private sector efforts. Additionally, the federal government establishes and enforces regulatory frameworks... More »
Global Environmental Outlook: Fifth Edition Last Updated on 2012-06-06 00:00:00 The United Nations Environment Programme notes that the world remains on an unsustainable track despite hundreds of internationally agreed goals and objectives. An ambitious set of sustainability targets can be met, but only with renewed commitment and rapid scaling-up of successful policies. Global Environmental Outlook: Fifth Edition The world continues to speed down an unsustainable path despite over 500 internationally agreed goals and objectives to support the sustainable management of the environment and improve human wellbeing, according to a new and wide-ranging assessment coordinated by the United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP). The fifth edition of the Global Environmental Outlook (GEO-5), launched on the eve of the Rio+20 Summit, assessed 90 of the most-important environmental goals and objectives and found that significant progress had only been made in... More »
IPCC Fourth Assessment Report, Working Group III: Chapter 12 Sustainable Development and mitigation Last Updated on 2011-12-04 00:00:00 Originally published by our Content Partner: Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (other articles) Table of Contents EXECUTIVE SUMMARY 12.1 Introduction 12.1.1 The two-way relationship between sustainable development and climate change 12.1.2 Evolution and articulation of the concept of sustainable development 12.1.3 Measurement of progress towards sustainable development 12.2 Implications of development choices for climate change mitigation 12.2.1 Multiplicity of plausible development pathways ahead, with different economic, social and environmental content 12.2.2 Lower emissions pathways are not necessarily associated with lower economic growth 12.2.3 Changing development pathway requires working with multiple actors, at multiple scales 12.2.4 Opportunities... More »
IPCC Fourth Assessment Report, Working Group III: Annex 4 Last Updated on 2011-12-04 00:00:00 Originally published by our Content Partner: Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (other articles) Reviewers of the IPCC WGIII Fourth Assessment Report Argentina Ginzo, Hector Ministerio de Relaciones Exteriores, Comercio Internacional y Culto Pedace, Alberto Buenos Aires Univertsity Taboada, Miguel Angel Facultad de Agronomía Australia Betz, Regina Annette University of New South Wales (UNSW) Denniss, Tom Energetech Australia Pty Ltd Edwards, Spencer Australian Greenhouse Office Enting, Ian MASCOS Gifford, Roger CSIRO Jotzo, Frank Australian National University MacGill, Iain University of NSW Pezzey, Jack Australian National University Quiggin, John University of Queensland Raupach, Michael CSIRO Marine and Atmospheric Research Trewin, Dennis Australian Bureau of... More »
IPCC Fourth Assessment Report Working Group III: Chapter 11 Last Updated on 2011-12-02 00:00:00 Originally published by our Content Partner: Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (other articles) Table of Contents EXECUTIVE SUMMARY 11.1 Introduction 11.2 Technological options for cross-sectoral mitigation: description and characterization 11.2.1 Cross-sectoral technological options 11.2.2 Ocean fertilization and other geo-engineering options 11.3 Overall mitigation potential and costs, including portfolio analysis and cross-sectoral modelling 11.3.1 Integrated summary of sectoral emission potentials 11.3.2 Comparing bottom-up and top-down sectoral potentials for 2030 11.3.3 Studies of interactions between energy supply and demand 11.3.4 Regional cross-sectoral effects of greenhouse gas mitigation policies to 2025 11.3.5 Portfolio analysis of... More »