Scientists develop computer Global Climate Models or GCMs based on estimates of future greenhouse gas emissions, climate forcing factors, and the laws of physics. Once they verify a GCM through accurately simulating Earth's climate history, they use the GCM to predict climate in the near future.
Main floor of the Earth Simulator Center in Yokohama, Japan that has 160 computer processor nodes, each containing 8 computer processor units.
Earth's Hot Past: Prologue to Future Climate?
Study of Earth's deep past leads to look into the future
The magnitude of climate change during Earth's deep...
Nuclear powerLast Updated on 2013-04-30 at 15:25
Nuclear power is the generation of electricity from controlled reactions within the nucleii of atoms that release energy used to boil water, the steam from which drives a... More »
Model Climate SensitivityLast Updated on 2013-04-04 at 15:05
The response of climate to a perturbation such as a change in carbon dioxide concentration, or in the flux of energy from the sun, can be divided into two... More »
Linking extreme heat events to global warmingLast Updated on 2012-08-07 at 19:13
An analysis by James Hansen and colleagues suggests that recent episodes of extremely warm summers, including the intense heat wave afflicting the U.S. Midwest this year,... More »