Human Nature

Climate change will expose human vulnerability, test human resilience, but highlight human intelligence.

Humans often work together to solve common problems.

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Lifestyle, technology and CO2 emissions in China Last Updated on 2014-06-28 17:59:40 Introduction China as the world’s largest developing country and the most populous country has achieved notable success in developing their economy with approximate 10 percent average annual growth of GDP over the last two decades [1-3]. Large sections of the population have been experiencing a transition from ‘poverty’ to ‘adequate food and clothing’; today growing parts of the population are getting closer to ‘well to do’ lifestyles [3]. However, the rapid growth of the economy has not only lead to dramatic changes of wealth and people’s lifestyle, but has also caused a huge amount of resources and energy consumption and associated CO2 and other emissions creating serious environmental problems on both local, regional and global scales [4-6]. Between 1990 and 2004 China’s total energy consumption has grown 5.0% annually from... More »
Climate Change and Unprepared Cities Last Updated on 2011-04-09 00:00:00 Climate Change Poses Major Risks for Unprepared Cities Fast-growing urban areas most likely to feel the heat Cities worldwide are failing to take necessary steps to protect residents from the likely impacts of climate change, even though billions of urban dwellers are vulnerable to heat waves, sea level rise and other changes associated with warming temperatures. A new examination of urban policies by Patricia Romero Lankao at the National Center for Atmospheric Research (NCAR) in Boulder, Colo., in conjunction with an international research project on cities and climate change, warns that many of the world's fast-growing urban areas, especially in developing countries, will likely suffer disproportionately from the impacts of changing climate. Her work also concludes that most cities are failing to reduce emissions of carbon dioxide and other greenhouse gases that... More »
Climate Change Perceptions Last Updated on 2010-11-20 00:00:00 The Perception Factor: Climate Change Gets Personal This article, written by Catherine M. Cooney, appeared first in Environmental Health Perspectives—the peer-reviewed, open access journal of the National Institute of Environmental Health Sciences. The article is a verbatim version of the original and is not available for edits or additions by Encyclopedia of Earth editors or authors. Companion articles on the same topic that are editable may exist within the Encyclopedia of Earth. Introduction Summer 2010 saw a new suite of climate change studies from the National Academy of Sciences (NAS) with the stark conclusion that “Climate change is occurring, is caused largely by human activities, and poses significant risks for—and in many cases is already affecting—a broad range of human and natural systems.”1 The NAS series received a boost... More »
IPCC Fourth Assessment Report, Working Group II: Chapter 14 Last Updated on 2010-04-07 00:00:00 Originally published by our Content Partner: Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (other articles) Table of Contents Executive Summary 14.1 Introduction 14.1.1 Key findings from the Third Assessment Report (TAR) 14.1.2 Key differences from TAR 14.2 Current sensitivity/vulnerability 14.2.1 Freshwater Resources 14.2.2 Ecosystems 14.2.3 Coastal Regions Box 14.1 Accelerating wildfire and ecosystem disturbance dynamics 14.2.4 Agriculture, forestry, and fisheries 14.2.5 Human health 14.2.6 Human settlements 14.2.7 Tourism and recreation 14.2.8 Energy, industry and transportation 14.3 Assumptions about future trends 14.3.1 Climate 14.3.2 Social, economic and institutional context 14.4 Key impacts and... More »
Africa collection: Conflict Last Updated on 2009-08-26 16:51:52 Armed conflict in Africa: a threat to regional cooperation Environmental and socioeconomic impacts of armed conflict in Africa Regional cooperation for peace and sustainable development in Africa Africa's renaissance for the environment: environment for peace and regional cooperation   Return to the Africa collection More »