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  • Agriculture II Featured Photo Gallery Agriculture II Agriculture II

    Humans began to cultivate food crops about 10,000 years ago. Prior to that time, hunter-gatherers secured their food as they traveled in the nearby environment. When they... More »

  • Agriculture I Featured Photo Gallery Agriculture I Agriculture I

    Humans began to cultivate food crops about 10,000 years ago. Prior to that time, hunter-gatherers secured their food as they traveled in the nearby environment. When they... More »

  • A World Environment Organisation? Featured News Article A World Environment Organisation? A World Environment Organisation?

    Zakri Abdul Hamid, Science Advisor to the Prime Minister of Malaysia, notes in SciDev.Net on 5 January 2012 that "The proposed UN World Environment Organisation is badly... More »

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A World Environment Organisation? Last Updated on 2013-08-17 12:00:07 Zakri Abdul Hamid, Science Advisor to the Prime Minister of Malaysia, notes in SciDev.Net on 5 January 2012 that "The proposed UN World Environment Organisation is badly needed to give poor countries a strong voice in green policy". The United Nations will be convening in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil, next June to commemorate the 20th anniversary of the Earth Summit, held in the same city. The Rio+20 conference will assess progress since 1992 and aim to secure renewed political commitment to sustainable development. One of the priorities is recognising that current governance systems to protect the environment have failed to meet expectations — indeed, the health of our environment has taken a turn for the worse over the past decades. World leaders must recognise that taking the modest and incremental approach they took in Rio, 20 years ago is not enough. Only a major... More »
Rio 2012 Conference, Limits to Sustainability Science Last Updated on 2012-07-05 00:00:00 Twenty years after the 1992 Earth Summit that led to the establishment of two major environmental conventions (the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change and the Convention on Biological Diversity), the author believes that Rio+20 (2012) presents an opportunity for the leaders of the world's governments to re-examine their commitments to—and ability to implement—sustainable development. This Editorial, authored by Georgina M. Mace*, appeared first in PLoS Biology—a peer-reviewed, open access journal published by the Public Library of Science. The article is a verbatim version of the original and is not available for edits or additions by Encyclopedia of Earth editors or authors. Companion articles on the same topic that are editable may exist within the Encyclopedia of Earth. The Limits to Sustainability Science: Ecological Constraints... More »
World Meteorological Organization (WMO) Last Updated on 2011-05-25 00:00:00 The World Meteorological Organization (WMO) is an agency of the United Nations which addresses issues of climate and weather. The WMO is governed by the WMO Congress which represents its 183 member Nations. The Congress elects the President (Alexander Bedritskiy, Russia) and appoints the Secretary-General (Michel Jarraud). Background Originating from the International Meterological Organization (IMO), the World Meteorological Organization (WMO) was established in 1950, and became a specialized agency of the United Nations in 1951.  It is the UN system's authoritative voice on the state and behavior of the Earth's atmosphere, its interaction with the oceans, the climate it produces and the resulting distribution of water resources.  To date, the WMO has 183 Member States and Territories.     The vision of WMO is to provide world... More »
United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP) Last Updated on 2011-05-19 00:00:00 The United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP) is an agency of the United Nations tasked to serve as a catalyst, advocate, educator, and facilitator to promote sustainable development and smart use of the global environment. This article contains information that was originally published by the United Nations Environment Programme .  Topic editors  and authors for the Encyclopedia of Earth may have edited its content or added new information. The use of information from the United Nations Environment Programme should not be construed as support for or endorsement by that organization for any new information added by EoE personnel, or for any editing of the original content. UNEP is able to carryout these goals by collaborating with UN entities, international organizations, national governments, civil society,... More »
Globally Mobile Populations: Spread of Emerging Pathogens Last Updated on 2011-01-13 00:00:00 This article written by Paul M. Arguin, Nina Marano, and David O. Freedman*, appeared first in Emerging Infectious Diseases—a peer-reviewed, open access  journal published by the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention expressly to promote the recognition of new and reemerging infectious diseases around the world and improve the understanding of factors involved in disease emergence, prevention, and elimination. The article is a verbatim version of the original and is not available for edits or additions by Encyclopedia of Earth editors or authors. Companion articles on the same topic that are editable may exist within the Encyclopedia of Earth.   Globally Mobile Populations and the Spread of Emerging Pathogens Abstract During the past decade, the global public health community has been challenged by the emergence and rapid worldwide... More »