Industrial emissions of greenhouse gases, if one includes emissions from electricity and steam generated off-site, amount to about 3.3 Gt (3.3 × 1012 g) carbon...
Industrial Power and EmissionsLast Updated on 2010-12-16 00:00:00
Many heavy industries have relocated from developed countries such as the United States and Japan to developing countries such as China and India to benefit from the latter’s lower labor costs and less stringent environmental regulations. Heavy industries are highly energy intensive. Consequently, greenhouse gas emissions from electric power generation are burgeoning in China and India.
China, in 2006 alone, added power-generating capacity that equaled the sum total of France's electricity grid.  Similarly, India doubled its power generating capacity between 1990 and 2000.  Coal-fired power plants provide over 80% of the new capacity in China and India.  Coal-fired plants also generate half of the electricity in the United States. Such plants, in comparison with other types, have higher greenhouse gas emissions per unit of power generated but are cheaper to... More »
Industrial SectorLast Updated on 2010-12-16 00:00:00
Industrial emissions of greenhouse gases, if one includes emissions from electricity and steam generated off-site, amount to about 3.3 Gt (3.3 × 1012 g) carbon equivalents per year.  Industries with the highest emissions are metal smelting, especially steel, iron, and aluminum; extraction and refining of petroleum; cement manufacture; pulp and paper processing; industrial nitrogen fixation to generate ammonia; and synthesis of ethylene, a precursor of many plastics.
As the human population and per capita income have grown, so has production of industrial goods. Since 1980, global annual production of steel has increased by 84%; petroleum by 40%; cement by 271%; paper by 180%; ammonia by 200%; aluminum by 223%; and ethylene by 194%.  The industrial sector, however, has not expanded as quickly as some other sectors (e.g. transportation), and its share of global... More »
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