Countries of the world

The countries of the world are those generally recognized nations on Earth. Countries are described by their physical geography, ecoregions, socioeconomic description and history. Each country has a distinct culture and form of governance. Since national boundaries have been altered in many world regions in the 19th and 20th century, the boundaries and names of many countries have changed in the last two centuries.

  • New Zealand Featured Article New Zealand New Zealand

    New Zealand is a nation of four-and-a-third million people which is composed of two major and many smaller islands in the South Pacific Ocean, southeast of Australia (across... More »

  • Malaysia Featured Article Malaysia Malaysia

    Malaysia is nation in Southeast Asia consisting of two disjunctive parts: (1) Peninsular Malaysia bordering Thailand; and (2) the northern one-third of the island of... More »

  • Angola Featured Article Angola Angola

    Angola is a nation of eighteen million people in south-central Africa that fronts the South Atlantic Ocean, between Namibia and Democratic Republic of the Congo Despite... More »

  • Tuvalu Featured Article Tuvalu Tuvalu

    Tuvalu is an island group and nation of under 11,000 people, consisting of a densely populated, scattered group of nine coral atolls with poor soil in the South Pacific Ocean,... More »

  • Croatia Featured Article Croatia Croatia

    Croatia is a nation of nearly four-and-a-half million people in southeastern Europe, bordering the Adriatic Sea, between Bosnia and Herzegovina and Slovenia. Its major... More »

  • Chile Featured Article Chile Chile

    Chile is a nation of seventeen million people in South America, bordering the South Pacific Ocean, between Argentina and Peru. The country of Chile encompasses an extensive... More »

Recently Updated
Syria Last Updated on 2015-10-04 22:11:16 Syria is a nation of about 22,000,000 people in the Middle East, bordering the Mediterranean Sea, between Lebanon and Turkey. Its major environmental issues include: Deforestation; Environmental damage from terrorist and military activity Overgrazing; Soil erosion; Desertification; Water pollution from raw sewage and petroleum refining wastes; and, Inadequate potable water Following World War I, France acquired a mandate over the northern portion of the former Ottoman Empire province of Syria. The French administered the area as Syria until granting it independence in 1946. The new country lacked political stability, however, and experienced a series of military coups during its first decades. Syria united with Egypt in February 1958 to form the United Arab Republic. In September 1961, the two entities separated, and the Syrian Arab Republic... More »
Croatia Last Updated on 2015-09-29 17:08:25 Croatia is a nation of nearly four-and-a-half million people in southeastern Europe, bordering the Adriatic Sea, between Bosnia and Herzegovina and Slovenia. Its major environmental issues include: Air pollution (from metallurgical plants) and the resulting acid rain is damaging the forests; Coastal water pollution from industrial and domestic waste; and Landmine presence and reconstruction of infrastructure consequent to 1992-95 civil strife. Croatia is susceptible to destructive seismic events. Lands that today comprise Croatia were part of the Austro-Hungarian Empire until the close of World War I. In 1918, the Croats, Serbs, and Slovenes formed a kingdom known after 1929 as Yugoslavia. Following World War II, Yugoslavia became a federal independent Communist state under the strong hand of Marshal Tito. Although Croatia declared its independence... More »
India Last Updated on 2015-09-01 11:18:16 India is one of the major nations of the world. With 1,205 million people, it has the second largest population (after China). It is bordered by the Arabian Sea and Indian Ocean in the south, east and west. To the North, it borders Bangladesh, Bhutan, Myanmar (Burma), China, Nepal, and Pakistan. India has a long and complex history reflected in its intricate mixture of ethnic groups, languages and cultures. While, density populated, India is home to a wide range of varied ecoregions with important biodiversity.  Its major environmental issues include: deforestation; soil erosion; overgrazing; desertification; air pollution from industrial effluents and vehicle emissions; water pollution from raw sewage and runoff of agricultural pesticides and herbicides; tap water is not potable throughout the country; and, its huge and growing... More »
Comoros Last Updated on 2015-07-18 16:21:28 Comoros is a nation of 730,000 people composed of three islands (Ngazidja or "Grande Comore", Mwali  or "Mohéli" and Nzwani or "Anjouan") in the Indian Ocean, at the northern mouth of the Mozambique Channel, about two-thirds of the way between northern Madagascar and northern Mozambique. Comoros also claims a fourth island Mayotte or "Mahoré" which is under French administration. One of the world's poorest countries, the islands comprising Comoros  have inadequate transportation links, a young and rapidly increasing population, and few natural resources. The country is not self-sufficient in food production. Rice, the main staple, accounts for the bulk of imports. The low educational level of the labor force contributes to a subsistence level of economic activity, high unemployment, and a... More »
Mexico Last Updated on 2015-03-04 21:00:34 Mexico is a North American nation of one hundred and fifteen million people located between the United States to the north and the Central American nations of Guatemala and Belize to the south. Mexico's main environmental issues include: scarcity of hazardous waste disposal facilities; rural to urban migration; scarce and polluted fresh water resources in the northern parts of the country: inaccessible and poor water quality in central regions and extreme southeast regions; raw sewage and industrial effluents polluting rivers in urban areas; deforestation; widespread erosion; desertification; deteriorating agricultural lands; serious air and water pollution in the national capital and urban centers along US-Mexico border; and, land subsidence in Valley of Mexico caused by groundwater overdrafting. The Mexican government considers both the lack of clean water and... More »