Countries of the world

The countries of the world are those generally recognized nations on Earth. Countries are described by their physical geography, ecoregions, socioeconomic description and history. Each country has a distinct culture and form of governance. Since national boundaries have been altered in many world regions in the 19th and 20th century, the boundaries and names of many countries have changed in the last two centuries.

  • New Zealand Featured Article New Zealand New Zealand

    New Zealand is a nation of four-and-a-third million people which is composed of two major and many smaller islands in the South Pacific Ocean, southeast of Australia (across... More »

  • Malaysia Featured Article Malaysia Malaysia

    Malaysia is nation in Southeast Asia consisting of two disjunctive parts: (1) Peninsular Malaysia bordering Thailand; and (2) the northern one-third of the island of... More »

  • Angola Featured Article Angola Angola

    Angola is a nation of eighteen million people in south-central Africa that fronts the South Atlantic Ocean, between Namibia and Democratic Republic of the Congo Despite... More »

  • Tuvalu Featured Article Tuvalu Tuvalu

    Tuvalu is an island group and nation of under 11,000 people, consisting of a densely populated, scattered group of nine coral atolls with poor soil in the South Pacific Ocean,... More »

  • Croatia Featured Article Croatia Croatia

    Croatia is a nation of nearly four-and-a-half million people in southeastern Europe, bordering the Adriatic Sea, between Bosnia and Herzegovina and Slovenia. Its major... More »

  • Chile Featured Article Chile Chile

    Chile is a nation of seventeen million people in South America, bordering the South Pacific Ocean, between Argentina and Peru. The country of Chile encompasses an extensive... More »

Recently Updated
India Last Updated on 2014-10-19 18:29:14 India is one of the major nations of the world. With 1,205 million people, it has the second largest population (after China). It is bordered by the Arabian Sea and Indian Ocean in the south, east and west. To the North, it borders Bangladesh, Bhutan, Myanmar (Burma), China, Nepal, and Pakistan. India has a long and complex history reflected in its intricate mixture of ethnic groups, languages and cultures. While, density populated, India is home to a wide range of varied ecoregions with important biodiversity.  Its major environmental issues include: deforestation; soil erosion; overgrazing; desertification; air pollution from industrial effluents and vehicle emissions; water pollution from raw sewage and runoff of agricultural pesticides and herbicides; tap water is not potable throughout the country; and, its huge and growing... More »
Bangladesh Last Updated on 2014-10-19 17:39:12 Bangladesh is a nation of over 160 million people in southern Asia, bordering the Bay of Bengal, between Myanmar (Burma) and India. Most of the country is situated on deltas of large rivers flowing from the Himalayas: the Ganges unites with the Jamuna (main channel of the Brahmaputra) and later joins the Meghna to eventually empty into the Bay of Bengal Its major environmental issues include: many people are landless and forced to live on and cultivate flood-prone land; waterborne diseases prevalent in surface water; water pollution, especially of fishing areas, results from the use of commercial pesticides; ground water contaminated by naturally occurring arsenic; intermittent water shortages because of falling water tables in the northern and central parts of the country; soil degradation and erosion; deforestation; and, severe overpopulation.... More »
Sri Lanka Last Updated on 2014-07-21 17:07:59 Sri Lanka (formerly known as Ceylon) is an island nation of over twenty-one million people in the Indian Ocean, about 28 kilometers (18 mi.) off the southeastern coast of India. Its major environmental issues include: deforestation; soil erosion;     wildlife populations threatened by poaching and urbanization; coastal degradation from mining activities and increased pollution; freshwater resources being polluted by industrial wastes and sewage runoff; waste disposal; and, air pollution in Colombo Sri Lanka is susceptible to occasional cyclones and tornadoes. The first Sinhalese arrived in Sri Lanka late in the 6th century B.C., probably from northern India. Buddhism was introduced in about the mid-third century B.C., and a great civilization developed at the cities of Anuradhapura (kingdom from... More »
Namibia Last Updated on 2014-07-07 16:10:29 Namibia is a nation of over two million people in southern Africa, bordering the South Atlantic Ocean, between Angola to the north and South Africa to the south. Namibia is mostly high plateau with the Namib Desert along the coast and the  Kalahari Desert in east. It is one of the least densly populated nations in the world. Namibia's major environmental issues include: limited natural fresh water resources; desertification; wildlife poaching; habitat fragmentation; and, land degradation which has led to few fully protected intact conservation areas. Most of the country is susceptible to prolonged periods of drought. South Africa occupied the German colony of Southwest Africa during World War I and administered it as a mandate until after World War II, when it annexed the territory. In 1966 the Marxist Southwest Africa People's... More »
Seychelles Last Updated on 2014-02-13 14:08:20 The African nation of Seychelles is an archipelago nation of ninety thousand people on over a hundred islands in the Indian Ocean, northeast of Madagascar, The exact number of islands is uncertain. The couintries constitution states 155, while other sources count 115 or 116.  About 42 are "granitic islands", that is composed of granite, and about 75 coralline islands. The most important Granitic Seychelles are Mahé (the largest Seychelles island and location of the capitol Victoria), Praslin, Silhouette, and La Digue. There are also and about 75 small "coralline islands", that is an an island composed in part of coral sand and detritus Seychelles is the smallest African nation by both area (455 km2) and population (82,247). About 75% of the Seychellois live on Mahe Island. Most others live on Praslin and La Digue, with the... More »