The countries of the world are those generally recognized nations on Earth. Countries are described by their physical geography, ecoregions, socioeconomic description and history. Each country has a distinct culture and form of governance. Since national boundaries have been altered in many world regions in the 19th and 20th century, the boundaries and names of many countries have changed in the last two centuries.
The following is a list of countries and regions of the world. The 195 nations that are generally recognzed are numbered.
There are 193 members of the United Nations...
IndiaLast Updated on 2015-09-01 11:18:16India is one of the major nations of the world. With 1,205 million people, it has the second largest population (after China).
It is bordered by the Arabian Sea and Indian Ocean in the south, east and west. To the North, it borders Bangladesh, Bhutan, Myanmar (Burma), China, Nepal, and Pakistan. India has a long and complex history reflected in its intricate mixture of ethnic groups, languages and cultures.
While, density populated, India is home to a wide range of varied ecoregions with important biodiversity. Its major environmental issues include:
air pollution from industrial effluents and vehicle emissions;
water pollution from raw sewage and runoff of agricultural pesticides and herbicides;
tap water is not potable throughout the country; and, its huge and growing... More »
ComorosLast Updated on 2015-07-18 16:21:28Comoros is a nation of 730,000 people composed of three islands (Ngazidja or "Grande Comore", Mwali or "Mohéli" and Nzwani or "Anjouan") in the Indian Ocean, at the northern mouth of the Mozambique Channel, about two-thirds of the way between northern Madagascar and northern Mozambique.
Comoros also claims a fourth island Mayotte or "Mahoré" which is under French administration. One of the world's poorest countries, the islands comprising Comoros have inadequate transportation links, a young and rapidly increasing population, and few natural resources. The country is not self-sufficient in food production. Rice, the main staple, accounts for the bulk of imports.
The low educational level of the labor force contributes to a subsistence level of economic activity, high unemployment, and a... More »
MexicoLast Updated on 2015-03-04 21:00:34Mexico is a North American nation of one hundred and fifteen million people located between the United States to the north and the Central American nations of Guatemala and Belize to the south.
Mexico's main environmental issues include:
scarcity of hazardous waste disposal facilities; rural to urban migration;
scarce and polluted fresh water resources in the northern parts of the country:
inaccessible and poor water quality in central regions and extreme southeast regions;
raw sewage and industrial effluents polluting rivers in urban areas;
deteriorating agricultural lands;
serious air and water pollution in the national capital and urban centers along US-Mexico border; and,
land subsidence in Valley of Mexico caused by groundwater overdrafting.
The Mexican government considers both the lack of clean water and... More »
DenmarkLast Updated on 2014-12-19 12:32:19Denmark is a nation of just over five-and-a-half million people in Northern Europe, bordering the Baltic Sea and the North Sea, on a peninsula north of Germany (Jutland) and includes roughly 500 islands, including several major islands (Sjaelland, Fyn, and Bornholm). It is a part of the generally fertile and mostly agricultural region known as the North European Plain. This entire region is generally flat to slightly rolling and is overlain with glacial deposits.
Denmark also includes the Faroe Islands and Greenland.
Its major environmental issues include:
air pollution, principally from vehicle and power plant emissions;
nitrogen and phosphorus pollution of the North Sea;
drinking and surface water becoming polluted from animal wastes and pesticides
Flooding is a threat in some areas of the country (e.g., parts of Jutland, along the southern... More »
IranLast Updated on 2014-11-09 18:30:41Iran is a nation of over 78 million people in the Middle East, bordering the Gulf of Oman, the Persian Gulf, and the Caspian Sea, between Iraq and Pakistan
Its major environmental issues include:
air pollution, especially in urban areas, from vehicle emissions, refinery operations, and industrial effluents;
oil pollution in the Persian Gulf;
wetland losses from drought;
soil degradation (salination);
inadequate supplies of potable water;
water pollution from raw sewage and industrial waste;
Iran is susceptible to periodic droughts, floods; dust storms, sandstorms; earthquakes.
Known as Persia until 1935, Iran became an Islamic republic in 1979 after the ruling monarchy was overthrown and Shah Mohammad Reza Pahlavi was forced into exile.
Conservative clerical forces established a... More »
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