The countries of the world are those generally recognized nations on Earth. Countries are described by their physical geography, ecoregions, socioeconomic description and history. Each country has a distinct culture and form of governance. Since national boundaries have been altered in many world regions in the 19th and 20th century, the boundaries and names of many countries have changed in the last two centuries.
The following is a list of countries and regions of the world. The 195 nations that are generally recognzed are numbered.
There are 193 members of the United Nations...
Sri LankaLast Updated on 2014-07-21 17:07:59Sri Lanka (formerly known as Ceylon) is an island nation of over twenty-one million people in the Indian Ocean, about 28 kilometers (18 mi.) off the southeastern coast of India.
Its major environmental issues include:
wildlife populations threatened by poaching and urbanization;
coastal degradation from mining activities and increased pollution;
freshwater resources being polluted by industrial wastes and sewage runoff; waste disposal; and,
air pollution in Colombo
Sri Lanka is susceptible to occasional cyclones and tornadoes.
The first Sinhalese arrived in Sri Lanka late in the 6th century B.C., probably from northern India.
Buddhism was introduced in about the mid-third century B.C., and a great civilization developed at the cities of Anuradhapura (kingdom from... More »
NamibiaLast Updated on 2014-07-07 16:10:29Namibia is a nation of over two million people in southern Africa, bordering the South Atlantic Ocean, between Angola to the north and South Africa to the south.
Namibia is mostly high plateau with the Namib Desert along the coast and the Kalahari Desert in east. It is one of the least densly populated nations in the world.
Namibia's major environmental issues include:
limited natural fresh water resources;
habitat fragmentation; and,
land degradation which has led to few fully protected intact conservation areas.
Most of the country is susceptible to prolonged periods of drought.
South Africa occupied the German colony of Southwest Africa during World War I and administered it as a mandate until after World War II, when it annexed the territory.
In 1966 the Marxist Southwest Africa People's... More »
SeychellesLast Updated on 2014-02-13 14:08:20The African nation of Seychelles is an archipelago nation of ninety thousand people on over a hundred islands in the Indian Ocean, northeast of Madagascar,
The exact number of islands is uncertain. The couintries constitution states 155, while other sources count 115 or 116. About 42 are "granitic islands", that is composed of granite, and about 75 coralline islands.
The most important Granitic Seychelles are Mahé (the largest Seychelles island and location of the capitol Victoria), Praslin, Silhouette, and La Digue. There are also and about 75 small "coralline islands", that is an an island composed in part of coral sand and detritus
Seychelles is the smallest African nation by both area (455 km2) and population (82,247). About 75% of the Seychellois live on Mahe Island. Most others live on Praslin and La Digue, with the... More »
Sierra LeoneLast Updated on 2014-01-21 21:44:32Sierra Leone is a nation of five-and-a-half million people in western-Africa, bordering the North Atlantic Ocean, between Guinea to the north and Liberia to the southeast.
In the coastal west there is a belt of mangrove swamps; beyond these is extensive lowland plains, farmland and wooded hill country; in the east is an upland plateau and also mountains. Rainfall along the coast can reach 495 cm (195 inches) a year, making it one of the wettest places along coastal, western Africa.
Sierra Leone's major environmental issues include:
rapid population growth pressuring the environment;
overharvesting of timber, expansion of cattle grazing, and slash-and-burn agriculture have resulted in deforestation and soil exhaustion;
the civil war has depleted natural resources; and,
It is susceptible to dry, sand-laden harmattan winds which... More »
YemenLast Updated on 2012-01-28 00:00:00
Yemen is a nation in the Middle East, bordering the Arabian Sea, Gulf of Aden, and Red Sea, between Oman and Saudi Arabia. It also includes Socotra, which includes four islands in the Indian Ocean, east of the Horn of Africa.
It has a strategic location on Bab el-Mandeb, the strait linking the Red Sea and the Gulf of Aden, one of world's most active shipping lanes.
Its major environmental issues include:
limited natural freshwater resources;
inadequate supplies of potable water;
soil erosion; and,
North Yemen became independent of the Ottoman Empire in 1918.
The British, who had set up a protectorate area around the southern port of Aden in the 19th century, withdrew in 1967 from what became South Yemen.
Three years later, the southern government... More »
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