Dry forests

Dry forests represent a biome that occurs in the tropics and sub-tropics, consisting of a chiefly deciduous tree mix. The climate consists of not only of less rainfall than most other forest types, but contains a long dry season. Endemism is often high, not only of plant species, but also vertebrates.

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Sierra Juarez and San Pedro Martir pine-oak forests Last Updated on 2014-05-25 11:59:00 WWF Terrestrial Ecoregions Collection The Sierra Juarez and San Pedro Martir pine-oak forests is a relatively small ecoregion, found in several disjunctive units within the northern part of the Baja Peninsula. Covering two mountain ranges, this area is rich in biodiversity and provides habitat for the threatened Bald eagle and California condor. Greater than average rainfall compared to Baja as a whole induces a Mediterranean climate here. This is one of the few places within Mexico where such a Mediterranean climate occurs; moreover, a number of endemic flora species area found within this dry forest ecoregion.  This ecoregion is codified as NA0526 by the World Wildlife Fund, and is within the Temperate Coniferous Forests biome. Displaying low faunal species richness, a total of 289 vertebrate taxa are found in the Sierra Juarez and... More »
Mediterranean woodlands and forests Last Updated on 2014-05-16 16:14:44 WWF Terrestrial Ecoregions Collection The Mediterranean woodlands and forests ecoregion stretches from the coastal plains to the hills of northern Morocco, Algeria and Tunisia, and eventually surrounds the Atlas Mountains. To the north is the Alboran Sea, the westernmost element of the Mediterranean Sea. The variety of substrates and climates leads to a diverse mix of vegetation including holm oak forests, cork oak forests, wild olive and carob woodlands, as well as extensive Berber thuya forest. This old, endemic North African conifer species is representative of the great diversity and endemism of both flora and fauna in this ecoregion. Reptile diversity is high and the region harbors charismatic large mammals, including the rare and endangered Barbary leopard. Unfortunately, this region contains expanding human populations and is enduring... More »
Eastern Mediterranean conifer-sclerophyllous-broadleaf forests Last Updated on 2014-05-16 16:01:48 WWF Terrestrial Ecoregions Collection The Eastern Mediterranean conifer-sclerophyllous-broadleaf forests ecoregion lies in the heart of the Middle East along the Levantine Sea coasts of Turkey, Syria, Lebanon and Israel, as well as in the neighbouring coastal plains and lowlands. Major avian migratory routes pass through this Palaearctic realm, contributing to its status as an area of high bird biodiversity. There is considerable flora and fauna species richness in the ecoregion, with 522 vertebrate taxa being recorded here. The ecoregion is also home to a number of globally threatened wildlife species, including the critically endangered Northern Bald Ibis (Geronticus eremita CR) and Mediterranean Monk Seal (Monachus monachus CR), the endangered Loggerhead Sea Turtle (Caretta caretta EN) and the endangered Euphrates Softshell Turtle (Rafetus... More »
Canary Islands dry woodlands and forests Last Updated on 2014-05-16 15:47:24 WWF Terrestrial Ecoregions Collection The Canary Islands dry woodlands and forests is situated on the Canary Island Archipelago; despite the small land area, this ecoregion is one of the most biodiverse parts of the temperate regions of the world. The biodiversity of these unique volcanic islands is endemic and relict. The islands support a wide variety of endemic taxa produced by evolutionary processes due to isolation. In some taxa, like coleopters, endemicity reaches 70 percent of the native species found in the Canary Islands. Moreover, living fossil plants from the Tertiary geological period are still present in the islands laurel forests (laurisilva). Based on vegetation, more than 70 different terrestrial ecological communities can be described for this ecoregion. The conservation of the habitats of the Canary Islands has much improved in... More »
Hawaii tropical dry forests Last Updated on 2014-05-15 17:18:02 WWF Terrestrial Ecoregions Collection Hawaii tropical dry forests typically occur on the leeward side of the principal Hawaiian Islands (that is the side not exposed to the prevailing winds as they come ashore), and once covered the summit regions of the smaller islands. The areal extent of the Hawaii tropical dry forests is only about 6600 square kilometers. Most of the native lowland forests of Hawaii are either seasonal or sclerophyllous to some degree, and more mesichabitat characterized by moderate soil moisture transition forests occur where conditions are favorable. These transition forests include mixed mesic forests that often contain patches and elements of dry forest communities. The Hawaii tropical dry forests have a pronounced dry season from April to October, with rainy season precipitation ranging from 25 to 125 centimeters. These... More »