Oceans and seas

Bottom Ekman Layer

October 26, 2011, 10:15 am
This article is written at a definitional level only. Authors wishing to expand this entry are inivited to expand the present treatment, which additions will be peer reviewed prior to publication of any expansion.

The Bottom Ekman Layer (BEL) is the lowest of three layers into which the bottom 1000 meters of the ocean waters are sometimes divided, with the other two being the Benthic Nepheloid Layer (BNL) and the Bottom Mixed Layer (BML). The height of the turbulent BEL depends on the near–bottom current speed and varies in time.

See also

Further reading

  • Physical Oceanography Index
  • H. Klein and E. Mittelstaedt. Currents and dispersion in the abyssal Northeast Atlantic. Results from the NOAMP field program. DSR, 39:1727–1745, 1992.


Baum, S. (2011). Bottom Ekman Layer. Retrieved from http://www.eoearth.org/view/article/150744


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