Biodiversity

Common coral reef fishes of Cuba

June 14, 2014, 8:17 pm
Content Cover Image

Fairy basslet (www.aqua.org)

Introduction 

Cuba is an island nation in the northern Carribean Sea consisting of the island of Cuba, the Isla de la Juventud, and several archipelagos. Over 282 species of reef fishes have been identified during REEF Fish Surveys in Cuba.

25 most common species in Cuba

caption Bluehead- the most frequently observed reef fish in Cuba. ''Reef Fish Identification'', New World Publications © 1994. The following ranking is based on the results of 587 REEF Fish Surveys covering a bottom time of 518 hours and 11 minutes. (REEF Grographic Zone Report, May 28, 2009).  The species are ranked by the percentage of surveys in which a species was observed.  Abundance of fishes in REEF Fish Surveys are estimated using the following categories: 1- single =1 individual, 2-few = 2- 10 individuals, 3-many = 11-100 individuals, and 4-abundant > 100 individuals.  The mean numeric abundance (ranging from 1 - 4) was calculated for each species..  The mean abundance category is determined as follows: mean abundance category 0 - 1.49 = single, 1.50 - 1.99 = single-few, 2.0 - 2.49 = few, 2.5 - 2.99 = few-many, 3.0 - 3.49 = many, 3.5 -3.99 = many-abundant, and 4.0 = abundant.

caption Brown chromis- the reef fish with the highest mean adundance in Cuba. ''Reef Fish Identification'', New World Publications © 1994.
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 

 

Species

% of surveys observed

Mean abundance category

 1. Blue tang

 79.4

 many

 2. Stoplight parrotfish

 76.8

 few-many

 3. Foureye butterflyfish 

 75.6

 few

 4. Yellowtail snapper

 72.4

 many

 5. Bluehead

 69.7

 many

 6. Blue chromis

 69.7

 many-abundant

 7. Fairy basslet

 69.2

 many

 8. Bicolor damselfish

 60.1

 many

 9. Rock beauty

 58.8

 few

 10. French grunt

 58.1

 few-many

 11. Banded butterflyfish

 57.9

 few

 12. Black durgon

 56.9

 few-many

 13. Bluestriped grunt

 52.1

 few-many

 14. Squirrelfish

 51.6

 few

 15. Creole wrasse

 49.7

 many-abundant

 16. Princess parrotfish

 49.2

 few-many

 17. Great barracuda

 48.7

 single-few

 18. Bar jack

 48.0

 few

 19. Yellowhead wrasse

 47.9

 few-many

 20.  Schoolmaster

 47.4

 few-many

 21.  Queen angelfish

 46.8

 single-few

 22.  Longspine squirrelfish

 46.2

 few

 23. Graysby

 43.3

 few

 24. Brown chromis

 42.1

 many

 25.  Gray angelfish

 41.9

 single-few

References and Further Reading

Glossary

Citation

McGinley, M. (2014). Common coral reef fishes of Cuba. Retrieved from http://www.eoearth.org/view/article/151340

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