Biodiversity

Common coral reef fishes of Jamaica

September 20, 2010, 4:07 pm

Introduction 

Jamaica, an island nation, located in Caribbean Sea, south of Cuba and west of Hispaniola.  Over 260 species of reef fishes have been identified during REEF Fish Surveys in Jamaica.

25 most common species in Jamaica

The following ranking is based on the results of 134 REEF Fish Surveys covering a bottom time of 157 hours and 29 minutes. REEF Geographic Zone Report, May 28, 2009).  The species are ranked by the percentage of surveys in which a species was observed.  Abundance of fishes in REEF Fish Surveys are estimated using the following categories: 1- single =1 individual, 2-few = 2- 10 individuals, 3-many = 11-100 individuals, and 4-abundant > 100 individuals.  The mean numeric abundance (ranging from 1 - 4) was calculated for each species..  The mean abundance category is determined as follows: mean abundance category 0 - 1.49 = single, 1.50 - 1.99 = single-few, 2.0 - 2.49 = few, 2.5 - 2.99 = few-many, 3.0 - 3.49 = many, 3.5 -3.99 = many-abundant, and 4.0 = abundant.

caption Blue Chromis—the most frequently observed and reef fish with the greatests mean abundance in Jamaica. ''Reef Fish Identification'', New World Publications © 1994.

Species

% of surveys observed

Mean abundance category

 1. Blue chromis

 89.2

 many-abundant

 2. Bluehead  

 88.0

 many

 3. Bicolor damselfish

 82.6

 many

 4. Yellowhead wrasse

 80.9

 few-many

 5. Stoplight parrotfish

 79.2

 few-many

 6. Spotted goatfish

 77.0

 few

 7. Blue tang

 73.8

 few-many

 8. Blackbar soldierfish 

 73.5

 few-many

 9. Fairy basslet

 70.8

 few-many

 10. French grunt

 69.9

 few-many

 11. Redband parrotfish

 69.6

 few-many

 12. Harlequin bass

 69.1

 few

 13. Striped parrotfish

 67.6

 many

 14. Barred hamlet

 66.9

 few

 15. Brown chromis

 66.9

 few-many

 16. Sharpnose puffer

 66.9

 many

 17. Yellow goatfish

 66.7

 few-many

 18. Creole wrasse

 65.4

 many

 19. Sharopnose puffer

 64.5

 few

 20.  Ocean surgeonfish

 63.7

 few

 21.  Rock beauty

 61.5

 single-few

 22.  Threespot damselfish

 60.3

 few-many

 23. Trumpetfish

 60.0

 single-few

 24. Princess parrotfish

 60.0

 few-many

 25.  Foureye butterflyfish

 56.9

 few

 


References and Further Reading

 
Glossary

Citation

McGinley, M. (2010). Common coral reef fishes of Jamaica. Retrieved from http://www.eoearth.org/view/article/151353

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